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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica 2003-2004 (MOA2004) Image Map
Entry ID: NSIDC-0280

Abstract: The MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica 2003-2004 (MOA2004) Image Map consists of two cloud-free digital image maps that show mean surface morphology and a quantitative measure of optical snow grain size on the Antarctic continent and surrounding islands. The 260 orbit swaths used to create the 2003/2004 MOA Surface Morphology Image Map and the 2003/2004 MOA Grain Size Image Map were acquired 20 November 2003 through 29 February 2004 by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on board the NASA EOS Aqua and Terra satellites. The 122 orbit swaths used to create the 2003 MOA Grain Size Image Map were acquired 1 November 2003 through 17 December 2003. Vector data sets with the corresponding coastlines, ice sheet grounding lines, and islands are also provided.

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Description: FTP

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Description: Search Database

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Description: OGC Web Services

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Description: MODIS Product Web Site

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Description: Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Project Digital Elevation Model Version 2

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Description: Images of Antarctic Ice Shelves

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Description: RAMP Product Web Site

Geographic Coverage
 N: -60.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Haran, T., J. Bohlander, T. Scambos, T. Painter, and M. Fahnestock.
Dataset Title: MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica 2003-2004 (MOA2004) Image Map
Dataset Series Name: NSIDC-0280
Dataset Release Date: 2005-11-02
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 1
Online Resource:

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2003-11-20
Stop Date: 2004-02-29

Start Date: 2003-11-01
Stop Date: 2003-12-17

Location Keywords

Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 250 m
Longitude Resolution: 250 m

Science Keywords

AQUA >Earth Observing System, AQUA    [Information]
SATELLITES    [Information]
TERRA >Earth Observing System, TERRA (AM-1)    [Information]

MODIS >Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer    [Information]

Satellite Imagery
snow grain size
Surface Morphology

Data Set Progress

Originating Center

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: Binary

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: ENVI Vector File (.evf)

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: Generic Mapping Tools (.gmt)

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: Keyhole Markup Language (.kml)

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: GeoTIFF

Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: ESRI Shapefile

Distribution_Media: HTTP
Distribution_Format: JPEG

Bindschadler, R. A. and P. L. Vornberger. 1990. AVHRR Imagery reveals Antarctic ice dynamics. EOS 71(23), 741-742.

Bohlander, J., T. Scambos, T. Haran, M. Fahnestock. 2004. A New MODIS-based Mosaic of Antarctica: MOA. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 85(47). F452.

Bourdelles, B., and M. Fily. 1993. Snow grain-size determination from Landsat imagery over Terre Ad�lie, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 17, 86-92.

Cooper, A. P. R. 1994. A simple shape-from-shading algorithm applied to images of ice-covered terrain. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 32(6), 1196-1198.

Dowdeswell, J. A., and McIntyre, N. F. 1987. The surface topography of large ice masses from Landsat imagery. Journal of Glaciology 33(133), 16-33.

Greene, N. and P. S. Heckbert. 1986. Creating Raster Omnimax Images from Multiple Perspective Views Using the Elliptical Weighted Average Filter. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 6(6). 21-27.

Fahnestock, M. A., R. Bindschadler, R. Kwok, and K. Jezek. 1993. Greenland Ice Sheet surface properties and ice dynamics from ERS-1 SAR imagery. Science 262, 1530-1534.

Ferrigno, J. G., J. L. Mullins, J. A. Stapleton, R. A. Bindschadler, T. A. Scambos, L. B. Bellisime, J. A. Bowell, and A. V. Acosta. 1994. Landsat TM image maps of the Shirase and Siple Coast ice streams, West Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 20, 407-412.

Fily, M, B. Bourdelles, J. P. Dedieu, and C. Sergent. 1997. Comparison of in situ and Landsat Thematic Mapper derived snow grain characteristics in the Alps. Remote Sensing of Environment 59. 452-460.

Haran , T. M., M. A. Fahnestock, and T. A. Scambos. 2002. De-striping of MODIS optical bands for ice sheet mapping and topography. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 88(47). F317.

Haran, T. M, T. A. Scambos, J. A. Bohlander. 2011. Updated MODIS-Derived Ice Sheet Data Sets for Antarctica and Greenland: MOA2009, MOG 2010 Mosaics and Products, Abstract C31A-0606 presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Clif., 5-9 Dec.

Jezek, K. 1999. Glaciological properties of the Antarctic ice sheet, from Radarsat-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery. Annals of Glaciology 29, 286-290.

Massom, R., and 17 others (2006). ARISE (Antarctic Remote Ice Sensing Experiment) in the East 2003: Validation of satellite-derived sea-ice data products. Annals of Glaciology, 44, 288�??296.

Merson, R. H., 1989. An AVHRR mosaic image of Antarctica. International Journal of Remote Sensing 10, 669.

Nolin, A. W., and J. Dozier. 2000. A hyperspectral method for remotely sensing the grain size of snow. Remote Sensing of Environment 74(2), 207-216.

Orheim, O. and B. Lucchitta. 1988. Numerical analysis of Landsat thematic mapper images of Antarctica: surface temperatures and physical properties. Annals of Glaciology 11, 109.

Orheim, O., and B. Lucchitta. 1990. Investigating climate change by digital analysis of blue ice extent on satellite images of Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 14, 211-215.

Painter, T., and J. Dozier. 2004. Measurements of the hemispherical-directional reflectance of snow at fine spectral and angular resolution. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D18115, doi:10.1029/2003JD004458.

Parish, T. R. and D. H. Bromwich. 1991. Continental-scale simulation of the Antarctic katabatic wind regime. Journal of Climate 4(1), 135-146, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1991)004<0135:CSSOTA>2.0.CO;2

Ricchiazzi, P., S. Yang, C. Gautier, and D. Sowle. 1998. SBDART: A research and teaching software tool for plane-parallel radiative transfer in the Earth's atmosphere. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society 79(10), 2101-2114.

Scambos, T. A., and R. A. Bindschadler. 1991. Feature map of Ice Streams C, D, and E, West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the United States 26(5), 312-314.

Scambos, T., G. Kvaran, and M. Fahnestock. 1999. Improving AVHRR resolution through data cumulating for mapping polar ice sheets. Remote Sensing of Environment 69. 56-66.

Scambos, T. A., and M. A. Fahnestock. 1998. Improving digital elevation models over ice sheets using AVHRR-based photoclinometry. Journal of Glaciology 44, 97-103.

Scambos, T. A., Dutkiewitcz, M. J., Wilson, J. C., and R. A. Bindschadler. 1992. Application of image cross-correlation software to the measurement of glacier velocity using satellite image data. Remote Sensing of Environment 42, 177-186.

Scambos, T., T. Haran, M. Fahnestock, T. Painter, and J. Bohlander. 2007. MODIS-based Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA) data sets: continent-wide surface morphology and snow grain size. Remote Sensing of Environment 111(2): 242-257, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.12.020.

Scambos, T.A.; Frezzotti, M.; Haran, T.; Bohlander, J.; Lenaerts, J.T.M.; Van Den Broeke, M.R.; Jezek, K.; Long, D.; Urbini, S.; Farness, K.; Neumann, T.; Albert, M.; Winther, J.-G. 2012. Extent of Low-accumulation 'Wind Glaze' Areas on the East Antarctic Plateau: Implications for Continental Ice Mass Balance.Journal of Glaciology 58(210): 633-647(15), doi:10.3189/2012JoG11J232.

Seko, K., Furukawa, T., Nishio, F., and Watanabe, O. 1993. Undulating topography on the Antarctic ice sheet revealed by NOAA AVHRR images. Annals of Glaciology 17, 55-62.

Swithinbank, C., K. Brunk, and J. Sievers. 1988. A glaciological map of Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 11, 150?155.

USGS. 1991. Satellite Image Map of Antarctica, 1:5,000,000. Miscellaneous Map Investigation Series I-2284.

USGS. 1996. Satellite Image Map of Antarctica, 1:5,000,000. Miscellaneous Map Investigation Series I-2560.

Warren, S. 1982. Optical properties of snow. Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics 20(1), 67-89.

Winther, Jan-G., M. N. Jespersen and G. E. Liston. 2001. Blue-ice areas in Antarctica derived from NOAA AVHRR satellite data. Journal of Glaciology 47(157), 325?334.

Wolfe, R. E., M. Nishihama, A. J. Fleig, J. A. Kuyper, D. P. Roy, J. C. Storey and F. S. Patt. 2002. Achieving sub-pixel geolocation accuracy in support of MODIS land science. Remote Sensing of the Environment 83 (1-2), 31-49.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-11-02
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24