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Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
The Global FIRE Product, 1992-1993, from JRC
Entry ID: SAI_JRC-Global_FIRE


Summary
Abstract: Fire is a process, which given the right vegetation and meteorological
conditions, can be found in almost any part of the globe. In order to
understand and quantify the impact of fire on ecosystems and
atmosphere, there is a need to provide and analyse data on the spatial
and temporal distributions of fire at a global scale.

The fire products described here are derived from space observations
done by the AVHRR sensor on board the NOAA satellites. They provide a
coherent, consistent data set on biomass burning events, at a global
scale, for each day processed. Two product types are produced. A
raster file giving number of fires detected in a 0.5 degree x 0.5
degree grid cell for a seven day period and a binaryfile giving the
latitude and longitude positions in a platte-carre projection for each
fire detected in the original 1 km data, per day.

The HRPT/LAC data is collected from a network of 26 receiving stations
and converted into aconsistent archive. This is carried out by the EROS
Data Centre [EDC] and the European Space Agency [ESA/ESRIN]. The data
is then "stitched" into orbital segments. There are on average14
orbital segments for complete global coverage. For further details see
Eidenshink and Faundeen [1995].

Each raw image strip is processed to produce a file containing the
lat/lon positions of detected potential active fires. The steps in
processing are as follows:
[i] cloud mask: the data is screened using a cloud detection
algorithm, any pixels being detected as clouds are eliminated from
further processing
[ii] water mask: A land sea mask created from the World Data Bank
[WDB] II vector coastline at a resolution of 2 minutes is applied to
the data in order to remove water areas and hence speed up processing
[iii] desert mask: permanent desert areas are removed by applying a
mask derived from Olson World Ecosystem Classes, version 1.4D.
[iv] fire detection: A contextual algorithm is used for fire
detection.

The global fire product is intended for use in applications studying
phenomena at a global scale. It offers a consistent product in that
the same detection algorithm is used throughout. The raster product is
produced with the atmospheric science community in mind as it is
produced at a scale which is consistent with a number of general
circulation models. The daily product maintains the full 1km
resolution of the original data, therefore favouring ecosystem studies
where the localisation of individual fire events is important.

Pending further development, this could become a standard thematic
product.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: J-M. Gregoire, P. Barbosa, E. Dwyer, H. Eva, S. Jones, B. Koffi, J.P. Malingreau
Dataset Title: Vegetation fire research at the Monitor. Trop. Vegetation Unit: Prod. availabil.
Dataset Release Date: 1996
Dataset Release Place: Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Ispra, ITALY
Dataset Publisher: European Commission
Version: 1.0
Data Presentation Form: Map, Diagram, Tables
Online Resource: http://www.gvm.sai.jrc.it/fire/default.htm


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1992-10-04
Stop Date: 1993-09-26


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 5 degrees
Longitude Resolution: 5 degrees
Temporal Resolution: DAILY


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >FORESTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SAVANNAS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION COVER    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >BIOMASS BURNING    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION >DESERTIFICATION >GLOBAL DESERTIFICATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >WILDFIRES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE THERMAL PROPERTIES >LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >INFRARED WAVELENGTHS    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >VISIBLE WAVELENGTHS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >FIRE ECOLOGY >FIRE DYNAMICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >FIRE ECOLOGY >FIRE OCCURRENCE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE THERMAL PROPERTIES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
NOAA-10 >National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-10    [Information]
NOAA-11 >National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-11    [Information]
NOAA-9 >National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-9    [Information]


Instrument
AVHRR >Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer    [Information]


Project
FIRE/MTV >Fire in Global Resources and Environmental Monitoring    [Information]
GTOS >Global Terrestrial Observing System    [Information]


Quality
Fires may be erronously flagged in certain situations where there is a
step change in the thermal signal as recorded in channel 3 of
AVHRR. The environments in which this may be a problem are: along
coastlines, inland water ways, desert boundaries, mountain-plain
interfaces. The locational accuracy is +/- 5 km at nadir and
deteriorates at wide viewing angles. Care should be taken when using
the data for applications where precise location is an issue. An
improved processing chain, under implementation at GVM, will provide a
location accuracy of +/- 1.5 km.

The quality depends on 1)fires detection which must manage with
problems of hot areas and sunglint 2)cloud dedection 3)location
accuracy which is +/- 1.5 Km.


Access Constraints
End-users external to GVM can have access to the data and make use of
it in their own field of research and/or application only if they
fullfill the use- constraints listed below.


Use Constraints
When the data set is derived from results already published in
conferences or journals, the external user must agree with MTV on the
correct form of reference. If it is derived from results not yet
published, the external user and MTV should agree on a co-author
work. Special agreement from IGBP-DIS is required.


Keywords
IDN_NODE ESRIN/DLR
TEMS
GTOS
G3OS


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Originating Center
SAI/JRC


Data Center
Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Center, European Union    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://fapar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Home.php

Data Center Personnel
Name: GLOBAL VEGETATION MONITORING UNIT SECRETARIAT
Phone: +39-0332-789298
Fax: +39-0332-789073
Contact Address:
Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit Institute for
Environment and Sustainability Joint Research Centre (European
Commission) T.P
City: Ispra (VA)
Postal Code: 440 I-21020
Country: ITALY


Personnel
OLIVIER DRAILY
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +39 332 78 98 22
Fax: +39 332 78 90 73
Email: olivier.draily at jrc.it
Contact Address:
Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit
T.P. 440
Joint Research Centre (European Commission)
City: Ispra (VA)
Postal Code: I-21020
Country: Italy


JEAN-MARIE GREGOIRE
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +39-0332-789215
Fax: +39-0332-789073
Email: jean-marie.gregoire at jrc.it
Contact Address:
GVM Unit - Global Vegetation Monitoring
Head of Fire Group
European Commission
Joint Research Centre
(VA)
City: Ispra
Postal Code: I-21020
Country: Italy


JEAN-PAUL MALINGREAU
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +39 332 789410
Fax: +39 332 789073
Email: jean-paul.malingreau at jrc.it
Contact Address:
Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit
T.P. 440
Joint Research Centre (European Commission)
City: Ispra (VA)
Postal Code: I-21020
Country: Italy


Publications/References
Eidenshink J., and Faundeen J., [1995]. The 1-km AVHRR global land
data set: first stages in implementation. International Journal of
Remote Sensing, 15[17], 3443-3462.

Justice C., and Dowty P., [editors] [1994]. IGBP DIS satellite fire
detection algorithm workshop technical report. IGBP-DIS Working Paper
no. 9, Universite Paris VI, France, April 1994, p. 87.

Dwyer E., and Malingreau J.P., [1996]. Global Fire Product. IGBP-DIS
Workshop on Global Fire Product. JRC, Ispra, October 17-19, 1995,
IGBP-Global Change Report, Stockholm, 1996, in press.

Malingreau J-P., and Gregoire J-M., [1996]. Developing a global
vegetation fire monitoring system for global change studies: a
framework. in "Biomass Burning and Global Change", J.S. Levine editor,
MIT Press - Cambridge, 1996, in press.

Complete bibliographical reference:
European Commission, EUR 16433 - Vegetation fire research at the
Monitoring Tropical Vegetation Unit: Product availability - June 1996,
J-M. Gregoire, P. Barbosa, E. Dwyer, H. Eva, S. Jones, B. Koffi,
J.P. Malingreau, 1996 - 84 pp., Catalogue: CL-NA-16433-EN-C
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24



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