Heard Island Archaeological Survey 1986-1987Entry ID: Heard_Archaeology_1986_1987
Abstract: See the downloadable report for more details.
Historical context of Heard Island (taken from the report)
There is some controversy as to when Heard Island was first sighted and when the first landing occurred. Initially, Captain John J. Heard of the American barque Oriental and after whom the island was named, was credited with having first sighted Heard Island in November 1853, during his ... voyage from Boston to Melbourne using the great circle route. The explanation offered for such a late discovery of Heard Island when the nearby Kerguelen Islands had already been discovered as long ago as 1772 was based on a combination of two factors. Increased interest in travelling to Australia during the gold rush years of the 1850s and the suggestion by Maury, the Director of the US Naval Observatory, that the use of the great circle route might result in faster passages meant that more vessels were travelling further to the south after they passed the Cape of Good Hope. That these factors had an impact on the sighting of Heard Island is borne out by the number of vessels that reported the presence of Heard and the nearby McDonald Islands between 1853 and 1855. Captain McDonald of the English sealer, Samarang, saw Heard Island and discovered the McDonald Islands in January, 1854. Three further sightings of Heard Island were made by British vessels in the latter part of that year.
Download the report for more...
Purpose: The main aim of this survey was to record historic sites on the island with specific emphasis on sealing sites, especially those at risk from destruction by natural causes and human impact. the results of this survey can be used to form the basis of long term management and research programmes for archaeological sites at Heard Island.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Lazer, E. and McGowan, A.
Dataset Title: Heard Island Archaeological Survey 1986-1987
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2017-01-09
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Dataset DOI: doi:10.4225/15/587309ec30c4dOnline Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
Start Date: 1986-11-16Stop Date: 1987-01-21
Quality A preliminary archaeological surface survey was conducted to develop the inventory of sites commenced in 1985-86 and to determine the nature and extent of sealing sites on Heard Island. To complete the aims of the project within the limited time available on Heard Island, priority was given to the detailed examination of sites on the south-east and west of the island. These areas have not been ... visited so frequently and, therefore, have not suffered from the depletion of resources experienced by the northern sites. Extensive visual surveys were made at Fairchild Beach, Try Pot Beach, Spit Bay, Spit Point, Long Beach and Saddle Point. Briefer inspections were made at Atlas Cove, Walrus Beach, Corinthian Bay, West Bay, Skua Beach and Red Island. The Nullarbor Plain and Green Paddick were only surveyed aerially and the well-known and easily accessible sealing sites at South West Bay, Gilchrist Beach and Cave Bay were not visited.
For convenience, sites were assigned field numbers in the order that they were located and a register of historic archaeological sites was commenced. This register is based on the format used by the Tasmanian Department of Lands, Parks and Wildlife and the Port Arthur Conservation Project with specific adaptations for Heard Island. The resultant site numbers do not only refer to sealing sites, but also include evidence of later occupations, e.g. ANARE and private climbing expeditions.
See the report for more information...
Access Constraints This report is publicly available for download from the provided URL.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=Heard_Ar... when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 5.9 MB
Distribution Format: PDF
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: estelle.lazer at aad.gov.au
Australian Antarctic Division 203 Channel Highway
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Lazer, A and McGowan, A. (1989), Heard Island Archaeological Survey 1986-1987, Unpublished report to the Australian Heritage Commission.
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2017-01-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-23