Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) Online Geospatial DatabaseEntry ID: SAMAB_SAA
Abstract: The Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) was a cooperative multi-agency effort
to assess the environmental condition of the Southern Appalachian region. The
SAA was described as the ecological equivalent of a thorough medical checkup.
It has often been cited as an example of how governmental agencies should work
together on a regular basis, within and across jurisdictions.
The Southern ... Appalachian Man and the Biosphere (SAMAB) program coordinated the
SAA efforts of Federal and state agencies, universities, special interest
groups, and private citizens. Four interdisciplinary teams assessed the status
of terrestrial, atmospheric, aquatic, and social/cultural/economic resources.
The SAA database was built primarily with publicly available data from Federal
and State agencies. Converting the data to a common, useable format was a major
undertaking. GIS provided the vehicle to accomplish this task. All SAA
geospatial datasets were transformed to an Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection.
Some 1500 organizations and individuals received copies of the CD-ROM set, and
many more have downloaded datasets from the website.
An illustrated five-volume report on the SAA was published in July 1996. Some
11,000 copies were distributed to governmental offices, elected officials,
environmental practitioners, researchers, educators, and interested citizens.
The report still is available in portable-document format (PDF) at the SAMAB
The SAA database has become a unique resource of great value to scientists,
planners, decision-makers, and citizens in all sectors of the regional
community. The database has been used extensively for many subsequent studies
by individual SAMAB member agencies and third parties. It has often been used
for demonstrations of GIS technologies. Educators use it for instruction and
class work assignments, and many students use it for thesis projects.
[Summary provided by SAMAB]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Herman, K.A
Dataset Title: Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) Online Geospatial Database
Dataset Release Date: 1996-03-21
Dataset Release Place: Knoxville, Tennessee
Dataset Publisher: Southern Appalachain Man and the Biosphere Program
Data Presentation Form: maps and tables
Other Citation Details: Digital data include maps at 1:24,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:2,000,000Online Resource: http://samab.org/data/SAA_data.html
Start Date: 1983-01-01Stop Date: 1996-12-31
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE
AGRICULTURE > FOREST SCIENCE > FOREST PRODUCTS/COMMODITIES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > ANTHROPOGENIC/HUMAN INFLUENCED ECOSYSTEMS > AGRICULTURAL LANDS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > ANTHROPOGENIC/HUMAN INFLUENCED ECOSYSTEMS > URBAN LANDS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL > BEACHES
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > FORESTS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > GRASSLANDS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > KARST LANDSCAPE
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > SAVANNAS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > SHRUBLAND/SCRUB
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > WETLANDS
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > BOUNDARIES
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT > LAND MANAGEMENT > LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > INFRASTRUCTURE
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > INFRASTRUCTURE > TRANSPORTATION
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > POPULATION > POPULATION SIZE
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIOECONOMICS > INDUSTRIALIZATION
SOLID EARTH > EARTH GASES/LIQUIDS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER CHEMISTRY
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER FEATURES > LAKES/RESERVOIRS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER FEATURES > RIVERS/STREAMS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER FEATURES > WATER CHANNELS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER FEATURES > WETLANDS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS > DRAINAGE
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS > HYDROPATTERN
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > DESERTS
Quality The Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Program (SAMAB) makes these data
publicly available on an "as-is" basis.
Although SAMAB and its associates strive to assure that their digital datasets
are accurate, useful, and current at the time of their compilation, SAMAB makes
not warranties--expressed or ... implied--as to the accuracy, completeness, or
usability of these data or any accompanying metadata and other support files.
The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no
responsibility is assumed by SAMAB in the use of this data, software, or
Neither SAMAB nor any of its members, partners, sponsors, contractors, or data
providers shall be responsible for any claims attributable to errors,
omissions, or other inaccuracies. In no event shall they be liable for direct,
indirect, special, incidental, or consequential loss or damage of any nature
caused to any person, party, or entity resulting from any use of these data.
The recipients of a dataset shall bear full responsibility to determine the
fitness of the data for each and every intended use. Some known usability
issues are mentioned under "Use Constraints" in the Identification section of
the present metadata document. Careful attention should also be paid to the
contents of the metadata files that may be associated with individual datasets.
These disclaimers apply to use of SAMAB data alone as well as to aggregate use
with data from other sources.
SAMAB makes these data available to the public free of charge. SAMAB does not
countenance secondary distribution of these data. Recipients may not assert any
proprietary rights to any of these data, nor represent them to anyone as other
than free SAMAB data.
Access Constraints None in principle, but during times of heavy demand that threatens to exceed
system resources, the host computer may limit the number of visitors granted
access. SAMAB reserves the right to provide preferential access to users from
its member agencies during such periods.
Use Constraints Use of these data shall constitute the user's implicit acceptance of all
Distribution Constraints and liability disclaimers set forth in the
Distribution section of the present metadata document.
The datasets, as compiled and processed by SAMAB, were intended to provide an
overview of resource conditions at ... a multi-state regional level. They were not
intended--and probably are unsuitable--for detailed local analyses.
To avoid the risk of misinterpretation, invalid results, and erroneous
conclusions, the users must consider original map scale, collection
methodology, currency of data, and any other conditions specific to every data
element and each dataset as a whole. The user must be aware that errors and
conditions originating from physical sources involved in developing a dataset
may be reflected in the data, and that the digital processing performed during
preparation, storage, and transmission of the dataset may have exacerbated such
errors and/or introduced additional ones.
The user should pay careful attention to the contents of the metadata file
associated with the dataset, if available. However, the user must be aware that
some of the information in the metadata itself may be erroneous and that
reliable accuracy information is unavailable for many of the datasets.
Furthermore, the user is cautioned that knowledge about the accuracy of
original data sources from which SAMAB datasets were derived may not be
directly applicable to the SAMAB data because of the reprojection and
rubbersheeting that was often necessary to make major features and the
georeferencing of data layers from different sources match each other for
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: online
Distribution Format: ArcInfo 7.x interchange (.e00)
Fees: No fees
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-10-02
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24