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Aliens in Antarctica - project to study exotic species and visitors in the Antarctic
Entry ID: ASAC_2904


Summary
Abstract: Metadata record for data expected from ASAC Project 2904

See the link below for public details on this project.

International Polar Year (IPY) Aliens in Antarctica will assess the threat of humans carrying non-native seeds and spores into Antarctica. We will identify routes of transport and attempt to calculate how many seeds and spores are transported each year. Our data will be used to develop techniques to mitigate this threat and hence protect Antarctica.

The impact of non-native (alien) species on ecosystems is one of the big issues of the 21st Century. Antarctica is not immune to this problem with some alien species having established on the Antarctic continent and on most sub-Antarctic islands. The impacts of alien species can include substantial loss of biodiversity and damage to ecosystem processes. Such impacts will be exacerbated by the rapid climate change, now being experienced in parts of Antarctica.

Surrounded by the vast Southern Ocean, Antarctica's protective isolation is being chipped away by the movement of people and cargo to the region by national programs and the now booming tourist industry. Over 40,000 people travel to the Antarctic each year. This international project will assess the pathways of propagule (seeds, eggs, spores etc) transfer, the extent to which people from many nations, unintentionally carry propagules of alien species into the Antarctic region and the size of the threat. It will lead to the creation of appropriate mitigation methods by the Antarctic Treaty to protect the fragile Antarctic ecosystem. Furthermore, the project will provide valuable insight into the movement of alien propagules worldwide. It has been estimated that by 2010, the number of tourists crossing international boarders globally each year, will be around 1 billion people.

The travel histories of some 15,000 Antarctic tourists and researchers will be complied, assisted by the cooperation of four tourist operators, 15 supply vessels of national Antarctic programmes, and six air operators. One thousand items of cargo from 7 National Antarctic programmes will be inspected for propagules of alien species. The study has the full support from the Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs, the International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators, and researchers from seven nations.

Taken from the 2008-2009 Progress Report:
Progress against objectives:
Considerable progress has been made on all objectives. All samples of propagules (greater than 1000 samples from over 50 voyages and examination of cargo/ food/ building material from 5 nations) have been sorted and propagules extracted. The majority of these propagules have been photographed and where possible identified. Analysis of the data is currently underway.


Taken from the 2009-2010 Progress Report:
Progress against objectives:
The International Polar Year project is examining the type and amount of 'propagules' (seed, spores and eggs) that are unintentionally imported into the region on clothes, shoes or hand luggage, as well as how many propagules are likely to be deposited and whether they will germinate and grow. Cargo, fresh food and travellers' gear destined for Antarctica were inspected during the first season of IPY and are now currently being analysed. Considerable progress on the quantifiaction of the threat of alien species to Antarctic ecosystems has been made. Results of our analysies will be presented at ATCM 33.

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: Public information for ASAC project 2904


Link: View Related Information
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset

Geographic Coverage
 N: -53.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Creator: Bergstrom, D.M., Chown, S., Convey, P., Gremmen, N., Hughes, K. Huiskes, A., Imura, S., Lebouvier, M., McIvor, E. and Tracey, P.
Dataset Title: Aliens in Antarctica - project to study exotic species and visitors in the Antarctic
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Online Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2007-09-30
Stop Date: 2011-03-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > MACQUARIE ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EXOTIC SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >EXOTIC VEGETATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >INDIGENOUS VEGETATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONSERVATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >HABITAT CONVERSION/FRAGMENTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >CULTURAL FEATURES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >TRANSPORTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES/AREAS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >HAZARD MITIGATION/PLANNING    [Definition]


Platform
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]
LABORATORY    [Information]
SHIPS    [Information]


Project
IPY >INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]
ALIENS >Aliens in Antarctica    [Information]


Quality
The dates provided in temporal coverage are approximate only. See the child records for exact dates.

The latitudes and longitudes provided in spatial coverage are approximate only.

Taken from the 2008-2009 Progress Report:
Laboratory activity/analysis:
Samples from both cargo, food and passengers have been examined for propagules. Identification evaluation for most samples is near complete. Sample evaluation will be completed by the end of May. Data analyses will be completed in the second half of of 2009. A workshop for data analysis and write up is scheduled for July at the SCAR Biology Symposium. Initial analysis of the 5600 passenger survey responses have been completed.

Taken from the 2009-2010 Progress Report:
Propagule cross checking has been halted due the need for us to move laboratories late in 2009. Our new laboratory is still not yet functioning so this work has been delayed. Data analysis has also been delayed.


Access Constraints
Data are available for download from the child records associated with this project.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_2904 when using these data.


Keywords
Aliens
IPY
introduced species
propagules


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


Personnel
DANA M. BERGSTROM
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3209
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: dana.bergstrom at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


STEVEN CHOWN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +27 21 808 2385
Fax: +27 21 808 2995
Email: slchown at sun.ac.za
Contact Address:
DEPT OF ZOOLOGY
PRIVATE BAG X1
UNIVERSITY OF STELLENBOSCH
City: MATIELAND
Postal Code: 7602
Country: SOUTH AFRICA


PETE CONVEY
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact Address:
British Antarctic Survey


NIEK GREMMEN
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: + 052 1 594 111
Email: gremmen at wxs.nl
Contact Address:
Data-analyse Ecologie
Netherlands Institute of Ecology
PO BOX 140
City: Yerske
Postal Code: 4400
Country: Netherlands


KEVIN HUGHES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +44 1223 221616
Email: kehu at bas.ac.uk
Contact Address:
British Antarctic Survey
City: Cambridge
Postal Code: CB3 OET
Country: United Kingdom


AD HUISKES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +31 (0)113 577445
Fax: +31 (0)113 573616
Email: ad.huiskes at nioz.nl
Contact Address:
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)
P.O.Box 140
City: Yerseke
Province or State: Zeeland
Postal Code: 4400 AC
Country: The Netherlands


SATOSHI IMURA
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +81-3-3962-4764
Fax: +81-3-3962-5743
Email: imura at nipr.ac.jp
Contact Address:
1-9-10 Kaga, Itabashi-ku
City: Tokyo
Postal Code: 173-8515
Country: Japan


MARC LEBOUVIER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +33 2 99 61 81 75
Email: marc.lebouvier at univ-rennes1.fr
Contact Address:
University de Rennes 1
Station Biologique
City: Paimpont
Postal Code: 35380
Country: France


EWAN MCIVOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3413
Email: ewan.mcivor at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
203 Channel Highway
Australian Antarctic Division
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


PHIL TRACEY
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3353
Email: phil.tracey at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
203 Channel Highway
Australian Antarctic Division
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


DAVE J. CONNELL
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: dave.connell at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-11-08
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-07-10



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