Late Paleozoic-Mesozoic fauna, environment, climate, Beardmore Glacier areaEntry ID: miller_0126146
Abstract: The 4 km thick sequence of sedimentary rocks in the Beardmore Glacier area records 90 million years of Permian through Jurassic history of this high-paleolatitude sector of Gondwana. It accumulated in a foreland basin with rate of subsidence approximately equal to rate of deposition. The deposits have yielded diverse vertebrate fossils, in situ fossil forests, and exceptionally well preserved ... plant fossils. They provide a unique glimpse of glacial, lake, and stream/river environments and ecosystems and preserve an unparalleled record of the depositional, paleoclimatic, and tectonic history of the area. Studies done to date provide a firm base of information for investigating more specific questions.
We propose a collaborative study of this stratigraphic section that will integrate sedimentologic, paleontologic, and ichnologic observations to answer focused questions, including: (1) What are the stratigraphic architecture and alluvial facies of Upper Permian to Jurassic rocks in the Beardmore area?; (2) In what tectonostratigraphic setting were these rocks deposited?; (3) Did vertebrates inhabit the cold, near-polar Permian floodplains, as indicated by vertebrate burrows, and can these burrows be used to identify, for the first time, presence of small early mammals in Mesozoic deposits?; and (4) How did bottom-dwelling animals in lakes and streams use substrate ecospace, how did ecospace use at these high paleolatitudes differ from ecospace use in equivalent environments at low paleolatitudes, and what does burrow distribution reveal about seasonality of river flow and thus about paleoclimate?
Answers to these questions will clarify the paeloclimatic, basinal, and tectonic history of this part of Gondwana, elucidate the colonization of near-polar ecosystems by vertebrates, provide new information on the environmental and paleolatitudinal distributions of early mammals, and allow semi-quantitative assessment of the activity and abundance of bottom-dwelling animals in different freshwater environments at high and low latitudes.
Data Set Citation
Version: Not provided
Start Date: 2003-11-18Stop Date: 2003-12-21
Paleo Temporal Coverage
PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > MACROFOSSILS
PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > PALEOVEGETATION
PALEOCLIMATE > LAND RECORDS > SEDIMENTS
PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > MACROFOSSILS
PALEOCLIMATE > OCEAN/LAKE RECORDS > STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE
PALEOCLIMATE > PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS > STREAMFLOW RECONSTRUCTION
PALEOCLIMATE > PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS > VEGETATION RECONSTRUCTION
Data Set Progress
Email: molly.f.miller at Vanderbilt.edu
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37240
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-06-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-11-08