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Spatial variation measurements of the hydrology and glaciology of the Dry Valleys
Entry ID: K161_1969_1991_NZ_5


Summary
Abstract: The long term hydrology/glaciology study carried out in the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted to gain information on the hydrological behaviour of the Dry Valleys rivers and lakes, particularly for the insight they provide into climatic change. Identifications of real trends in climate cannot be based on observations at only one site as it may be unrepresentative, and therefore it was proposed in the 1985/86 field season that a programme of hydrological monitoring be undertaken at a network of site throughout the Dry Valleys to examine the degree of hydrological unity of the region and define the representativeness of the Wright Valley System. The rivers of the Victoria, Taylor, Marshall, Garwood and Miers Valleys, and the Walcott Bay area were investigated to determine the feasibility of carrying out hydrological investigations, to assess the value of such investigations, to select appropriate sites and carry out the necessary site surveys to prepare for equipment installation in the 88/89 season. At each site, the following actions were taken: a) survey of longitudinal stream profile and channel slopes, b) stream cross section survey and definition of flood levels, c) stream bed sediment size distribution survey, d) testing of VHF radio communication for radio telemetry data and e) erection of marker cairns and full photographic record of each site for reference. Lake levels were surveyed at Keyhole Lake and Hidden Lake. The glacier terminus location and height of the Miers and Adams Glaciers were measured. After investigation, the sites chosen to add spatial variability to the existing hydrological and glaciological study were the glacier-river-lake system of the Miers Valley, and the streams in the Victoria Valley and Garwood Valley. Stream flow monitoring stations were erected near the outlet of the Upper Victoria Lake in Victoria Valley and downstream from the Garwood Glacier Lake in the Garwood Valley both of which would compliment glacial-lake studies in these Valleys.

Parent DIF
This description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
K161_1969_1991_NZ_1


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Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.25 S: -78.25  E: 164.0  W: 160.0

Data Set Citation
Version: Not provided


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1988-11-01
Stop Date: 1991-01-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TAYLOR VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WRIGHT VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA VALLEY
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE >LANDSCAPE PROCESSES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ABLATION ZONES/ACCUMULATION ZONES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIER MASS BALANCE/ICE SHEET MASS BALANCE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER FEATURES >LAKES/RESERVOIRS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >DISCHARGE/FLOW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >FLOODS >FLOOD LEVELS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >TOTAL SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >SOLIDS >SUSPENDED SOLIDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER CHARACTERISTICS >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Quality
The data was collected at the time by the New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development, a part of the Division of Science and Industrial Research (DSIR). The DSIR was disbanded and several new organisations were formed. At this time, the investigator was concerned about the survival of the large amount of data generated by this project. In the late 1990s while working with the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), he collated all of the hydrological data, had it checked for quality and then permanently filed in the NIWA electronic archives. A copy was also supplied to the University of New Hampshire, USA, who at the time had continued some work on the Onyx River. The investigator still holds the files of the programmes, correspondence etc. for the period that the Ministry of Works ran the programme. All of the reports were also submitted to Antarctica New Zealand as their Science Reports and copies of these are retained in their archives. Please contact either the investigator or Antarctica New Zealand for more information.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
TREVOR CHINN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 3 443 4333
Email: t.chinn at xtra.co.nz
Contact Address:
Rapid 20, Muir Road
Lake Hawea
City: Wanaka
Postal Code: 9382
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: METADATA AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: METADATA AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-06-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-10-04



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