Virus participation in dissolved organic carbon dynamics in freshwater lakesEntry ID: ASAC_2352
Abstract: Metadata record for data from ASAC Project 2352 See the link below for public details on this project.
---- Public Summary from Project ----
In the last ten years it has become evident that viruses are common in the sea and lakes, occurring in concentrations of one to tens of millions per mL. They attack bacteria and phytoplankton and cause cell destruction or lysis. In so doing they short ... circuit the cycling of carbon - one of the most important chemical cycles in nature, thereby preventing bacteria and phytoplankton being exploited as food by other organisms in the planktonic food chain. Viruses may themselves be consumed as food by flagellated protozoa, and may also play a role in transferring genetic material between their host organisms, thus maintaining diversity. Previous work on the relationship between planktonic bacteria and the dissolved organic carbon(DOC) (their food source) indicates that growth continues all year and that peaks of bacterial growth a closely correlated with peaks in the availability of DOC. The evidence points to a cycling of carbon that may be mediated, at least in part, by viral activity. Preliminary work indicates viral abundance of 1.01 to 3.28 x 106 mL-1 during the summer, with bacteria to viral ratios of 8.41 to 23.42 in Crooked lake and Lake Druzhby.
This project will determine the interactions between viruses and the other components of the largely microbial communities in the two largest freshwater lakes in the Vestfold Hills, and provide a picture of overall carbon cycling in the plankton. It will also assess the impact of UV radiation on viruses and the cycling of carbon. A current project that is focussed on providing continuous data on the physical characteristics of the lake water columns as part of the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) multi-disciplinary E-Science programme using remote sensing, is currently developing the models that will be used is this project. The models and the data bases gained will provide a valuable picture of the functioning of Antarctica's delicate lake ecosystems and enable us to predict the impacts of climate change and UV radiation on them.
The download file contains a word document detailing methods used in the collection of these data, plus two excel spreadsheets of data.
The fields in this dataset are:
Dissolved organic carbon
Total organic carbon
Photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) Temperature Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) Ammonia Chlorophyll a Depth Date
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Laybourn-Parry, J.
Dataset Title: Virus participation in dissolved organic carbon dynamics in freshwater lakes
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2010-12-14
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Dataset DOI: doi:10.4225/15/574BBBC74939BOnline Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
Start Date: 2003-11-25Stop Date: 2004-11-22
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > SURFACE WATER > SURFACE WATER FEATURES > LAKES/RESERVOIRS
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > CHLOROPHYLL
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > CONDUCTIVITY
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > DISSOLVED GASES
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > ORGANIC MATTER
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > PH
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE > WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY > WATER TEMPERATURE
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > BACTERIA/ARCHAEA
Access Constraints These data are available for download from the provided URL.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_2352 when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 660 kb
Distribution Format: excel, word
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +44 (0117) 3314120
Email: Jo.Laybourn-Parry at bristol.ac.uk
University of Bristol School of Geographical Sciences University Road
Province or State: Bristol
Postal Code: BS8 1SS
Country: UNITED KINGDOM
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-05-26
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24