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Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2012_NZ_1
Entry ID: K021_1998_2012_NZ_1


Summary
Abstract: Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included the three historic huts at Hut Point, Cape Evans and Cape Royds on Ross Island (from 1998-2008), the historic hut at Cape Adare (2002-2003), the rock hut at Cape Crozier (2000-2001) and the Granite house at Cape Geology, Granite Harbour (2002-2003). Fungi were isolated from these samples using a variety of techniques (including spore traps), media and temperatures. The results from these studies were used to determine fungal biodiversity, the effect of the introduction of a nutrient source in a pristine environment on native fungal species, the impact of humans, and introduction of foreign fungi into a harsh environment. The fungi isolated from these locations have been studied to determine adaption/survival strategies. All cultures are held in culture collections at The Universities of Waikato and Minnesota. Huts and artifacts were digitally videotaped to compare the rate of deterioration from year to year. January 1990 samples: Hut Point >100 samples, Cape Evans >200 samples, Cape Royds >200 samples; December 1999 samples Hut Point >50 samples, Cape Evans >130 samples, Cape Royds >90 samples
Physical samples were collected in January 2012 from three Heroic era sites in Ross Sea Region, these included the two historic huts at Hut Point, and Cape Royds on Ross Island, and on Observation Hill, Memorial Cross. Additionally, physical samples (air, wood splinters, swabs of hut and wood) were taken in the interior and exterior of the USAP Hut and latrine at Cape Crozier. These continue the work from K021 over the period of January 1999 to January 2011. Microbes (fungi, bacteria, potentially bacteriophages) were isolated from these samples using a variety of techniques, media and temperatures.
In 2010-2011 high resolution 3D images and scanning of the Heroic era sites commenced. The scanning of hut interiors and historical artifacts and wooden surfaces subject to physical ablation and fungal spore growth. These images provide a basis for the accurate determination of deterioration processes and provide an invaluable resource for future conservation and restoration processes. Further scanning and images were added in 2011-2012 increasing the data base.

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: University of Minnesota's project homepage. These are joint collaborators with the University of Waikato Publications (pdf) are available on this website.

Geographic Coverage
 N: -71.3 S: -77.8472  E: 169.4  W: 162.5333
 N: -71.18 S: -77.5  E: 169.24  W: 162.32
 N: -77.6375 S: -77.8541  E: 169.1888  W: 166.1952

Data Set Citation
Version: Not provided


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1999-01-17
Stop Date: 2012-01-29


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > OBSERVATION HILL
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ADARE
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE CROZIER
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE EVANS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE GEOLOGY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > CAPE ROYDS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > HUT POINT
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >BUILDINGS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONSERVATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICROFLORA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >BACTERIA/ARCHAEA    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >FUNGI    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >FUNGI >SLIME MOLDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >INDIGENOUS/NATIVE SPECIES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS    [Definition]


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
GPS >Global Positioning System    [Information]
ERB-SCANNER
WAS >Whole Air Sampler    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Quality
Collected specimens and isolate samples are all held at the University of Waikato Antarctic Fungal Collection, PC2 facility as frozen glycerols at -80C. There are approximately 2,700 isolates. Approx 1,350 specimen were transferred to ZyGEM Corp Ltd, Culture Collection. Personal notebooks are held by the investigator. Physical samples of wood are held at the University of Minnesota and University of Waikato. Please contact the investigator for further information.


Access Constraints
Culture at the University of Waikato are used for research purposes and are also linked with Zygem Pharmaceuticals for research and are therefore not publically available. Please contact the investigator for more information.


Keywords
historic huts
bacteria
fungi
biodiversity
human exploration
ezymatic decay
Hut Point
Cape Royds
Cape Evans
Heroic Period
microbial biology


Data Set Progress
ACTIVE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
ROBERTA L FARRELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 7 838 4704
Fax: +64 7 838 4976
Email: r.farrell at waikato.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Biological Sciences
The University of Waikato
Private Bag 3105
City: Hamilton
Postal Code: 3105
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: METADATA AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
(), , Not%20provided
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-06-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-01-19



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