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Oceanographic and Meteorological Data from the TAO Array of Moored Ocean Buoys (1980-present)

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Abstract: The Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array of moored buoys spans the
tropical Pacific from 137E to 95W and from 8S to 8N. Moorings within
the array measure surface meteorological and upper-ocean parameters
and transmit data in realtime to shore via Service Argos. The array
is part of the in-situ measurement portion of the Tropical
Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) ... View entire text
Related URL
Description: Realtime El Nino and La Nina data home page.
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Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: 9.0   S: -8.0   E: -95.0   W: 137.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1980-03-07
Originating Center
Data Center
Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Supplemental Info
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: 206-526-6743
Phone: 206-526-6744
Email: atlasrt at
Contact Address:
TAO Project Office
7600 Sand Point Way N.E.
City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98115
Country: USA
Distribution Media: On-line
Freitag, H.P., Y. Feng, L.J. Mangum, M.J. McPhaden, J. Neander, L.D.
Stratton (1994): Calibration procedures and instrumental accuracy
estimates of TAO temperature, relative humidity and radiation
measurements. NOAA TM ERL PMEL-104, 32 pp..

Hayes, S.P., L.J. Mangum, J. Picaut, A. Sumi, and K. Takeuchi, 1991:
TOGA-TAO: A moored array for real-time measurements in the tropical Pacific
Ocean. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 72, 339-347.

McPhaden, M.J., 1993: TOGA-TAO and the 1991-93 El Nino-Southern
Oscillation Event. Oceanography, 6, 36-44.

Mangum, L.J., H.P. Freitag, and M.J. McPhaden (1994): TOGA TAO
array sampling schemes and sensor evaluations. Oceans '94, Proceedings,
1316 September 1994, Brest, France.
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2017-08-24