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BIOME4 Equilibrium Biogeography-Biogeochemistry Model

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Abstract: BIOME4 (Kaplan et al., 2003) is a coupled biogeography and biogeochemistry
model which simulates the equilibrium distribution of 28 major potential
natural vegetation types (biomes) from latitude (for the calculation of
incoming short-wave and photosynthetically active solar radiation), atmospheric
CO2 concentration, mean monthly climate (i.e. mean monthly precipitation,
temperature, and percent ... View entire text
Related URL
Description: Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Phase II home page.
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Multimedia Sample
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Caption Description:  Vegetation distribution from BIOME4

Service Citation
Originators: Kaplan, J. O., et al.
Title: BIOME4 equilibrium biogeography-biogeochemistry model
Provider: Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project II
Service Keywords

Use Constraints If you wish to use BIOME4 in asynchronously-coupled mode to simulate vegetation
changes and feedback, please cite Kaplan et al. (2003) as the source of the
model. Technical queries about the BIOME4 (and other models in the BIOME
family) should be addressed to Colin Prentice. Development of BIOME4 was
spearheaded by Jed Kaplan and funded by the Swedish Natural Science Research
Council (NFR) and the Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry.
Ancillary Keywords
biogeochemistry model
natural vegetation types
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Service Provider
PMIP > Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Supplemental Info
Service Organization URL:

Service Provider Personnel
Email: sjpmip at
Distribution Media
Distribution_Media: online
Distribution_Size: 3.47 MB
Distribution_Format: zip file
Fees: none
Email: jed.kaplan at
Contact Address:
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Station 2
City: Lausanne
Postal Code: 1015
Country: Switzerland
Kaplan, J. O., Bigelow, N. H., Prentice, I. C., Harrison, S. P., Bartlein, P.
J., Christensen, T. R., Cramer, W., Matveyeva, N. V., McGuire, A. D., Murray,
D. F., Razzhivin, V. Y., Smith, B., Walker, D. A., Anderson, P. M., Andreev, A.
A., Brubaker, L. B., Edwards, M. E., and Lozhkin, A. V. (2003 - in press).
Climate change and arctic ecosystems II: Modeling, paleodata-model comparisons,
and future projections. Journal of Geophysical Research.
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Creation and Review Dates
SERF Creation Date: 2006-10-18
SERF Last Revision Date: 2011-05-20
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Last Updated:  March 2018