BioMar - Marine sites, habitats and species data collected during the BioMar survey of Ireland (EUROBIS)
The BioMar project was and remains the largest marine ecological seabed survey of the Republic of Ireland. Standard field survey and data management methods developed by the UK Marine Nature Conservation Review (now part of Joint Nature Conservation Committee) were used. This database was published as a compact disc containing data collected during a national survey that provided the basis for ... (a) a classification of marine biotopes applicable to the North East Atlantic, and (b) the selection of marine Special Areas of Conservation (Marine Protected Areas).
By field surveys in inshore waters (usually < 5 km from shore and < 50 m deep), information was collected on littoral and sublittoral biotopes (i.e. habitat and community together) from Britain and Ireland. BioMar surveyed 1000 sites (half seashore) in Britain and 900 (200 seashore) sites in the Republic of Ireland. Of the about 6,000 species known to occur in British and Irish seas, about 3000 have been recorded in Britain and 1500 in Ireland by BioMar. Field surveys were completed in September 1996. This field information was used to (a) develop and demonstrate methods for data collection, (b) develop a classification of marine biotopes which will be applicable to inshore areas of the North-East Atlantic (but not the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas), and (c) identify areas of marine conservation importance. A concurrent survey of coastal lands of conservation importance in Ireland was conducted, and were used in conjunction with marine results in designating boundaries of nature conservation areas of both national and European importance.
The marine biotope classification developed by the project formed the basis for describing, mapping and comparing the conservation value of inshore marine areas. To ensure the classification will have wide application in the North-East Atlantic, meetings and workshops were held in Monkswood, Cambridge and Dublin with European specialists (including CORINE, ZNIEFF-Mer) in marine ecology and management in which the background, design, and preliminary results of the developing classification were discussed, and where necessary modified.
Because of the need to get area coverage of biotopes and the difficulties in personnel surveying every part of the coast, the use of remote survey methods for both littoral (using aerial photography) and sublittoral (using acoustic and video techniques) areas were examined. These remote survey techniques allowed point source data to be linked to larger coastal areas. Over 34 surveys were conducted in a range of sea areas in Britain and Ireland, used different research vessels and equipment, and involved collaboration with different groups (BioMar partners and various government authorities). The comparability of the maps produced from the surveys demonstrated the wide application of the methods.
A database was established for data storage and analysis, and can now be linked with computer mapping systems (Geographical Information Systems). The database currently stores environmental information on from over 22,000 sampling stations at over 10,000 sites on over 500 surveys around Britain and Ireland. A systematic survey of marine ecological literature relevant to British and Irish waters was conducted by JNCC and TCD respectively. Due to the large size and complexity of the database, the production of more accessible electronic publications (on diskettes, CD-ROM, and World Wide Web) was demonstrated
In addition to its use in dissemination of data, the use of GIS in predicting the occurrence of marine habitats from widely available coastal data (e.g. coastline, bathymetry, wind direction and force) was explored (Crean et al. 1995). A wave exposure index was automated within the GIS so that the exposure for any piece of shoreline can be predicted. Additionally, a digital coastline of Ireland was labeled with the seashore types on the Admiralty charts so it was possible to calculate the amount of rock, sand, mud and other habitats from any given stretch of coast.
As a background to marine conservation management in Europe, a desk study of marine protected areas was been completed. Reports on this study, and internal reports on field surveys, have been submitted to the European Commission. There was considerable effort in disseminating information about BioMar. The partners made over 50 presentations at over 10 international and 14 national meetings, and produced over 40 publications (including 2 books).
[Source: The information provided in the summary was extracted from the MarBEF Data System at http://www.marbef.org/data/eurobisproviders.php]
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Data Set Citation
Picton, B.E., Emblow, C.S., Morrow, C.C., Sides, E.M., Tierney, P., McGrath, D., McGeough, G., McCrea, M., Dinneen, P., Falvey, J., Dempsey, S., Dowse, J. and Costello, M. J.
BioMar - Marine sites, habitats and species data collected during the BioMar survey of Ireland
Dataset Series Name:
The BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora in Britain and Ireland
Dataset Release Date:
04 Jan 2005
Dataset Release Place:
Picton, B.E. and Costello M. J. (eds), Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College
Data Presentation Form:
Horizontal Resolution Range:
1 meter - < 30 meters
Mainly observations. Reference collection of animals available in the National Museum of Ireland and seaweeds in the Herbarium, Trinity College, University of Dublin.
Acknowledge the use of specific records from contributing databases in the form appearing in the 'Citation' field thereof (if any); and acknowledge the use of the OBIS facility.
For information purposes, email to email@example.com the full citation of any publication made (printed or electronic) that cites OBIS or any constituent part.
Recognize the limitations of data in OBIS.
Also see MarBEF data policy at http://www.marbef.org/data/datapolicy.php
Data Set Progress
+32-(0)59-34 01 55
+32-(0)59-34 21 31
bart.vanhoorne at vliz.be
bartv at vliz.be
Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ)
+353-1-492 57 11
cemblow at ecoserve.ie
Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (EcoServe)
Unit B19 KCR Industrial Estate
+64-9-373 7599 x 83608
m.costello at auckland.ac.nz
University of Auckland
Department of Marine Sciences
Leigh Marine Laboratory
Goat Island Road
P.O. Box 349
McGrath, D., Costello, M.J. and Emblow, C. 2000. The hermit crab, Diogenes pugilator (Roux, 1829) in Irish waters. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 100B (2), 115-118.
Costello M. J., McGrath D. and Emblow C. 1999. A review of the distribution of marine Talitridae (Amphipoda) in Ireland, including the results of a new survey of sandy beaches. In: ... Schram F. R. and von Vaupel Klein J.C. (ed.), Crustaceans and the biodiversity crisis: proceedings of the fourth international crustacean congress, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, July 20-24, 1998. Brill, Leiden, 473-487.
Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F., Northen, K.O. and Sanderson, W.G. 1999. Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06. In: Picton, B.E. and Costello M. J. (eds), The BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora in Britain and Ireland, Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.
Costello, M. J. 1998. Experience of the BioMar-LIFE project in the electronic dissemination of marine information. In: Cahill B. (ed.), Proceedings of the Ocean Data symposium, Dublin 1997. Irish Marine Data Centre, Marine Institute, Dublin, 8 pp on compact disc.
Costello, M.J., Picton B.E., Emblow C., Guiry M., Connor D. 1998. Electronic dissemination of marine biodiversity information collated in databases. In: Marine Science and Technology Programme experiences in project data management, M. Bohle-Carbonell (ed.), European Commission, Luxembourg, 73-84 pp.
Costello M.J., Emblow C.S. and Picton B.E. 1996. Long term trends in the discovery of marine species new to science in Britain and Ireland. Journal of the marine biological association of the United Kingdom, 76, 255-257.
Costello M.J. 1995. The BioMar (Life) project: developing a system for the collection, storage, and dissemination of marine data for coastal management. In: Hiscock K. (ed.), Classification of benthic marine biotopes of the north-east Atlantic. Proceedings of a BioMar - Life workshop held in Cambridge 16-18 November 1994. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, 9 - 17.
Costello M.J. and Mills P. 1996. The BioMar project: describing, classifying and mapping of marine biotopes in Ireland. In: Salman A.H.P.M., Langeveld M.J. & Bonazountas M. (eds.), Coastal management and habitat conservation, (Proc. 4th EUCC Congress), Leiden, 297-310.
Crean E., Gillmor J., Duffy L., Costello M.J. and Mills P. 1995. A computerised model for predicting the exposure of coastal areas to wave action. Proceedings Coast GIS '95 (International Symposium on GIS and computer mapping for coastal zone management) ICA Working Group on Marine Cartography, Sydney, Australia, p. 209-227.
Sides E.M., Picton B.E., Costello M.J., Crean E., Emblow C.S., Gillmor J., Kelly K.S. and Morrow C.C. 1995. Identification and mapping of marine biotopes. In: Carroll M. and Dubsky K. (eds.), Coastal zone management: from needs to action, Coastwatch Europe, Dublin, pp 198-203.
Costello M.J. 1993. Development of the BioMar database, and its contribution to nature conservation management in the Irish Sea. In: Marine and Coastal databases, Irish Sea Forum Seminar Report No.3, Liverpool University Press, Liverpool, 72-79.
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