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Instrument: SSM/I : Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
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Associated Platforms
DMSP 5D-2/F8
DMSP 5D-2/F10
DMSP 5D-2/F11
DMSP 5D-2/F12
DMSP 5D-2/F13
DMSP 5D-2/F14
DMSP 5D-3/F15
DMSP 5D-3/F16

Spectral/Frequency Information
Number Channels: 3
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: Vertical and Horizontal Polarization 19.35, 37.0, 85.5 GHz

Number Channels: 1
Spectral/Frequency Coverage/Range: Vertical Polarization 22.23 GHz

Related Data Sets
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[Source: National Space Science Data Center, ]

The purpose of the microwave imager, SSM/I, is to provide day and night measurements of ocean surface wind speed, ice coverage and age, area and intensity of precipitation, cloud water content and land surface moisture. An estimate of atmospheric attenuation at each of the SSM/I sensor frequencies is also available. Microwave brightness temperatures are obtained with a seven-channel passive microwave radiometer operating at four frequencies, three with both vertical and horizontal polarization (19.35, 37.0, 85.5 GHz) and one with vertical polarization (22.23 GHz). The instrument scans across the ground track to gather data over an approximate 1400-km swath width with horizontal resolutions 13 to 50 km for different frequencies. The data can be used for tropical storm reconnaissance, ship routing in polar regions, agricultural weather, aircraft routing and refueling, etc.

Online Resources

Instrument Logistics
Instrument Owner: Department of Defense-Department of the Air Force (United States)