Synonymous Platform Names:
LPO > L1 > Lissajous Orbit > Halo Orbit
Related Data Sets
WIND was launched on November 1, 1994 and is the first of two NASA spacecraft in the Global Geospace Science initiative and part of the ISTP Project. WIND was positioned in a sunward, multiple ... double-lunar swingby orbit with a maximum apogee of 250Re during the first two years of operation. This was followed by a halo orbit at the Earth-Sun L1 point.
The science objectives of the WIND mission are:
- Provide conplete plasma, energetic particle, and magnetic field input for
magnetospheric and ionospheric studies.
- Determine the magnetospheric output to interplanetary space in the
- Investigate basic plasma processes occuring in the near-Earth solar wind
- Provide baseline ecliptic plane observations to be used in heliospheric
latitudes from ULYSSES.
WIND carries the following instruments:
Radio and Plasma Wave experiment (WAVES)
Energetic Particle Acceleration, Composition, and Transport (EPACT)
Solar Wind Experiment (SWE)
Solar Wind and Suprathermal Ion Composition Studies (SWICS/MASS/STICS)
Magnetic Fields Investigation (MFI)
3-D Plasma and Energetic Particle Analyzer (3DP)
Transient Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (TGRS)
Gamma Ray Burst Studies (KONUS)
For more information, see:
Cape Canaveral/Kennedy Space Center, USA