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51. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


52. Muscle histochemistry and characterization of the different metabolic types in fin and trunk muscles [K012_1983_1984_NZ_2]
Four species of Antarctic fish were collected near Scott Base including Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Dissostichus mawsoni, Trematomus bernacchii (all from the Ross Sea) and Rhigophila dearborni (obtained ...


53. Mutation and extinction rates in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) populations from fossil bones and blood samples collected from several sites in the Ross Sea Region [K030_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Recent studies on the evolution of mitochondrial DNA in Adelie penguins has found high rates of mutation sparking a major controversy and raising the question of whether evolutionary rates are high ...


54. Nest success (eggs laid, hatched and chick survival) of south Polar Skuas at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_3]
Siblicide in nestling South Polar Skuas was investigated at Cape Bird. Skua nests were located and monitored (112 in the 86-87 season, 165 in the 87-88 season and 173 in the 88-89 season). Their ...


55. New Zealand and the South West Pacific Regional OBIS Node Marine Biodata Information System (MBIS) [OBIS_NZMBIS]
NIWA's (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research - New Zealand) MBIS (Marine Biodata Information System) database is a data warehouse of marine data that is used, among other things, to ...


56. Nitrogen fixation and carbon assimilation rates of fumarole plants from the Mt Erebus crater rim [K024_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Sterile samples of plants were taken from Mt. Erebus crater rim and returned to New Zealand for in situ acetylene reduction assays for nitrogen fixation and 14C assimilation assays.


57. Nutrient transfer from penguin colonies to the vegetation at Cape Hallett: A measurement of the transfer of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia [K024_2004_2006_NZ_3]
The transfer of nutrients from marine to terrestrial ecosystems are though to be important for vegetation. The transfer rate of organic nitrogen in the form of ammonia from the penguin colonies to ...


58. Observation of a skua club at Cape Bird to determine why they exist [K014_1970_1971_NZ_2]
Not far from breeding skuas in a colony there is often a flock of essentially non-breeding birds which is commonly known as the club. The purpose of the club was determined by constant observation ...


59. Observations of Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddelli) injuries: nature, size, location, time taken to heal, infection mircoorganisms and cause of infections [K017_1966_1967_NZ_3]
Seals were examined closely for injuries, the nature, size and location of each wound being recorded in field notes and diagrammatically on a separate sheet for each seal. Seals were observed in the ...


60. Observations of feeding chase behaviour, attendance patterns and foraging trip durations of adults to determine the function of feeding chase behaviour in adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins exhibit a unique form of behaviour known as the feeding chase, whereby a parent is chased by its creche aged chicks before feeding them. The brood reduction hypothesis proposes that ...


61. Observations of intraspecific aggressive behaviour in the adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K017_1967_1971_NZ_1]
The cause, function, effect and patterns of behaviour in penguin fighting on the colony was determined from long periods of direct observations of banded penguins and on set-period recordings of all ...


62. Oceanography, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys of the New Zealand sub-Antarctic Islands areas (Auckland and Campbell Islands), the Macquarie Ridge area and the ocean between New Zealand and the Ross Sea [K002_1959_1963_NZ_1]
Oceanographic, sea seismic surveys and benthic surveys were conducted aboard research vessels (HMNZS Endeavour, Wilhoite, Rotoiti, USS Burton Island) between 1959 and 1963. The principal aim of the ...


63. Oxygen consumption rates and lactic acid levels of notothenioid fish to determine the exercise physiology of how a low water temperature has affected their ability to swim [K057_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Notothenioid fish live in a relatively constant temperature of -1.86°C. In order to survive at this temperature they have undergone several modifications to their biochemical makeup. The ability of ...


64. Oxygen consumption rates of Lineus corrigatus, a large marine nemertean worm, and the effects of diesel fuel oil on metabolic rates [K057_1989_1991_NZ_2]
A preliminary survey of the respiratory physiology of Lineus corrigatus, a large marine worm living in the shallow waters around Ross Island was conducted. Worms were caught using traps in shallow ...


65. Oxygen consumption rates of Pagothenia borchgrevinki: A study to determine if they can utilise their skin surface for gas exchange [K057_1987_1988_NZ_3]
The ability of Pagothenia borchgrevinki to utilise their skin surface for gas exchange was examined. A fish was anaesthetised and a rubber collar placed over the fish, isolating the head of the animal ...


66. Oxygen uptake rates of Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish affected with x-cell at rest and in strenuous exercise and morphological examination of x-cell affected gills [K057_1987_1988_NZ_1]
During the 83-84 season, several Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish were collected which had damaged gills. The gill filaments were white, instead of the usual red colour due to blood perfusion and also ...


67. Parameters affecting sensory and metabolic adaptations in Antarctic vertebrates and invertebrates [K022_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The sense organs of three species of Antarctic fish and Antarctic octopus, scallops and collembolans were fixed for electron microscopy. Pigmented spots around the oral cavity of nemertean worms, ...


68. Parasitological studies in organisms found in McMurdo Sound [K012_1973_1978_NZ_1]
A research programme in parasitology was conducted over several seasons, investigating several different organisms in the McMurdo Sound region. In the 1973-74 season, a study of the parasite burden ...


69. Pelagic ecosystem investigations of McMurdo Sound: plankton species composition and density, ocean environmental factors, levels of seston, bacteria analysis and ice algae composition [K014_1979_1980_NZ_1]
Comparisons of water column productivity and processes was completed by comparing 4 sites including on the edge of the McMurdo Ice Shelf some 12km west of Cape Armitage, off Scott Base on the east ...


70. Penguin and seal bones collected from Cape Adare, Franklin Island and Inexpressible Island for 14C dating and Antarctic bone standards [K020_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Collections of penguin and seal bones for 14C dating were Made at Cape Adare and Franklin Island. At Inexpressible Island bone samples were obtained of a penguin and seal killed in 1912 by members ...


71. Reconnaissance of the Balleny Islands [K017_1963_1964_NZ_1]
A reconnaissance expedition took place around the Balleny Islands in the 1963-1964 field season with the objective to examine the four beaches where landings had previously been made and to search ...


72. Recording and modified playbacks of Adelie penguin parental calls to chicks in the creche stage to investigate parental chick communication [K014_1978_1979_NZ_1]
The vocal communication of Adelie penguins at Cape Bird was investigated. A single colony was selected from the Northern colony for study and all birds (established breeders and most of the non breeders) ...


73. Recordings from the lateral line nerve of Trematomus pennelli to determine if superficial neuromasts can be identified in the lateral line nerves [K012_1998_2000_NZ_1]
To determine if the superficial neuromasts, capable of reporting constant smooth water movement, can be identified in the lateral line nerves of Antarctic fish species was investigated. Recordings ...


74. Reproductive biology of notothenioid fish - Analysis of gonadal development from a number of species [K058_2005_2008_NZ_3]
Fish species of the suborder Notothenioidei were captured in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region and basic biological measurements were taken for all fish (length, weight, gonadosomatic indices, ...


75. Respiration rates and physiological changes of Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki exposed to fuel oil, acute vs chronic exposure [K057_1989_1991_NZ_1]
The potential for oil pollution in the Ross Sea is increasing as shipping activities increase due to base operations and tourism. The effects of diesel fuel oil on Antarctic fish survival and physiology ...


76. Satellite tracks for female adelie penguins during the breeding season [K065_1988_1989_NZ_2]
Four satellite transmitters were deployed on female Adelie penguins during the incubation period. The transmitters were affixed to the backs of the penguins using an epoxy glue. The birds were banded, ...


77. Satellite transmitter tracking of adelie penguins during their winter migration route from Cape Bird and Cape Hallett [K063_1997_1998_NZ_1]
Winter migration routes of adelie penguins were investigated by attaching transmitters to penguins from the Cape Bird colony and Cape Hallett colony and tracking the birds throughout the winter. Dummy ...


78. Seafloor sampling (macrofauna, epifauna, macroalgae, sediments, video footage and still photographs) of the north western Ross Sea area including Cape Hallett, Cape Adare, Coulman Island and Cape Russell [K082_2003_2004_NZ_1]
As part of the Italian led Victoria Land Transect (VLT) project voyage on board the RV Italica, diver based surveys of the structural and functional diversity of the shallow water benthic communities ...


79. Size range and sex ratio of the amphipod Hyperiella dilatata taken by fish, caught in plankton nets and those associated with jellyfish [K012_1987_1988_NZ_3]
Aspects of the biology of the amphipod Hyperiella dilatata was investigated including comparisons of size range and sex ratio of individuals taken by the fish, and those caught in plankton nets, with ...


80. Skua chick survival rates under two experimental conditions, experimentally fed and siblings contained in separate enclosures [K017_1993_1994_NZ_1]
Skuas at high latitiudes have high chick mortality shortly after the chicks hatch due to the older chick chasing the younger and smaller chick from the nest area where it starves or becomes predated. ...


81. Skua studies (population numbers, territorial behaviour, the breeding cycle, mortality and the effect of the penguin colonies on normal activity of skuas) at Cape Royds and Cape Hallett colonies [K017_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The penguin and skua colonies at Cape Royds were used to study skua-penguin association. A population count of skuas (Catharaeta maccormicki) at Cape Royds was conducted from late October to late ...


82. Soil and groundwater description, characterisation and sampling at various sites at Cape Hallett [K123_2003_2005_NZ_1]
The soil and groundwater at Seabee Hook, Cape Hallet was described and characterised. Soil Investigation: Soil pits were dug east of Willett Cove on low mounds on disturbed and undisturbed sites, ...


83. Soil profile descriptions, Lake Wellman region, Antarctica [K123_2007_2008_NZ]
We sampled a chronosequence of soils on moraines in the Darwin Mountains ranging from early Holocene (10 ky) to mid Quaternary (ca 900 ky) in age to test if the structure and diversity of microbial ...


84. Soil samples and temperature data from Tramway Ridge, Mt Erebus to determine the genetic capabilities and structure of microbial communities [K023_2008_2009_NZ_1]
The study of high temperature extreme environments continues to challenge our understanding of the upper tolerances of microbial life and how life may have originated on earth and possibly other planets. ...


85. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques [K021_1998_2008_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


86. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques - K021_1998_2011_NZ_9 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


87. Soil, nematode, and springtail sample collection from Granite Harbour [K066_2009_2010_NZ_1]
The aim of this study was to determine aspects of the environmental physiology and phylogeography of Antarctic terrestrial invertebrates. Soil samples were collected from Granite Harbour for geochemical ...


88. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


89. South Polar Skua Population Census [K121_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our primary hypothesis is that South Polar skua (Stercorarius maccormicki) population abundance broadly tracks summer food availability in the southern McMurdo Sound region. Skuas and Adélie penguins ...


90. Studies on the anaerobic sediments and underlying cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1996_2000_NZ_2]
The pond ecosystems of the McMurdo Ice Shelf contain abundant growths of algae and cyanobacteria. The role of the anaerobic sediments underlying the cyanobacterial mats was investigated. Sediment ...


91. Survey of McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) colonies in Southern McMurdo Sound [K301_1987_1988_NZ]
A survey of McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) to determine the number of breeding pairs was undertaken during the 1987-1988 season as a follow up to a previous survey in the same region during ...


92. Survey of invertebrates, lichen, mosses and soil microbiology in the Shackleton, Scott and Beardmore Glacier regions. [K020_2009_2010_NZ_1]
A survey of biodiversity in the Central and Southern Transantarctic mountains including: Invertebrates (Collembola, Acari, Nematoda, Tardigrada, Rotifera); Lichens, Mosses, and Soil microbiology. ...


93. Survey of the mammals and birds occurring at Cape Bird, 1977-1980 [K014_1977_1978_NZ_2]
A general survey of the mammals and birds occurring was carried out at Cape Bird 1977-1981 and at Cape Hallett 1982-1983. No previous work has been carried out on mammals in these areas. Short, frequent ...


94. Systematic survey and abundance investigations of the microfauna (tardigrades, nematodes and rotifers) in the meltpools of the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K053_1987_1988_NZ_2]
Quantitative examinations of the microfauna associated with the algal felts in small melt pools on the McMurdo Ice Shelf in the vicinity of Bratina Island off the northen tip of Brown Peninsula was ...


95. Temperature and conductivity data loggers within ponds and weather data surrounding ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_1995_2008_NZ_1]
Logging stations were installed at Bratina Island since the 1995-1996 season to monitor temperature and conductivity within various ponds and air temperature, incident radiation and UVA and UVB radiation ...


96. Temperature selection, locomotion and feeding behaviour of Antarctic fish [K012_1983_1984_NZ_3]
To test the ability of Antarctic fishes to perceive and react to temperature differences, a temperature gradient from -1.8°C to +5.4°C was set up in a trough and fish were monitored to see which part ...


97. Testing if a greenhouse can be used in Antarctic conditions [K024_1979_1980_NZ_4]
A glasshouse was constructed in the Taylor Valley made out of wood and three sheets of plastic to determine if plants were able to be grown in Antarctic conditions.


98. The Southwestern Pacific Regional OBIS Node [SW_PACIFIC_OBIS]   CHILD DIFs
NIWA's (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research - New Zealand) MBIS (Marine Biodata Information System) database is a data warehouse of marine data that is used, among other things, to ...


99. The ability to photorepair UV damaged DNA and the rate of photoreactivation in two Antarctic Starfish Odontaster validus and Odontaster meridionalis compared with a New Zealand species Odontaster benhami [K068_2004_2006_NZ_3]
Photorepair rates in New Zealand temperate species of echinoderms show a much higher DNA photorepair than the Antarctic species Sterechinus neumayeri. To examine the reason for low rates of DNA photorepair ...


100. The adaptation of cyanobacterial mats from the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Mt Discovery and the Alph River system to Antarctic environmental extremes [K081_1990_1991_NZ_1]
The microbial adaptations of the cyanobacterial mats of the ponds of the McMurdo Ice Shelf to the environmental extremes experienced at this location, including changes in temperature and salinity, ...


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