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51. A feasibility study of marine investigations at Cape Bird: Plankton sampling, water temperature, conductivity and chlorophyll content [K014_1969_1970_NZ_1]
On arrival at Cape Bird it was found that the pack ice had broken early and sampling had to be limited to inshore waters from ice piers with water depths never greater than about 20 feet. Plankton ...


52. A general benthic survey of the Cape Bird region: distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones, bathymetry and current patterns [K014_1970_1971_NZ_5]
A survey of the region from the ice face to McDonald Beach and to a depth of about 300 meters with regard to distribution of sediment types, boundaries of faunal zones and the general bathymetry of ...


53. A hot house experiment at Cape Bird to determine the effects of microclimate on plant establishment [K052_1982_1983_NZ_5]
A small perspex frame was placed over bare mineral soil adjacent to the mosses in Keble Valley to examine the effects of humidity, temperature and microclimate on plant establishment. Many green ...


54. A study on the siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) [K017_1967_1968_NZ_2]
A study of skua territories was conducted by examining siting, establishment and maintenance of territories in two very different conditions including in an area close to the penguins where skuas ...


55. Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and McCormick skua (Catharacta mccormicki) census of the Cape Bird colony 1974 - 1978 [K014_1974_1975_NZ_4]
A population census of the three Adelie penguin colonies in the area of Cape Bird was carried out over several seasons since 1965, between November and December each year. These counts were conducted ...


56. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


57. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


58. Adelie penguin weights before and after foraging trips from three groups of penguins: control, single egg removed and penned females [K063_1987_1988_NZ_2]
As an index of physiological condition and success of foraging, penguins were weighed early in the season when they were flipper banded and then re-weighed when they returned from their foraging trip. ...


59. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


60. An ecological study of Penguin Pond, Green Lake and Harrison Lake at Cape Bird: measurement of water chemistry, water parameters and flora and fauna investigations [K014_1973_1974_NZ_2]
Three lakes were selected for ecological study at Cape Bird. Penguin Pond was sampled twice weekely and measurements were taken for light intensity, temperature, oxygen, pH, chlorinity, alkalinity, ...


61. Analysis of blood samples for genetic difference and similarity within and between breeding groups of Adelie penguins and Skuas from Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island [K016_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Prior studies have found little interchange of skuas (Stercorarius maccormicki) and Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) among breeding groups as the majority of breeding birds settle within their ...


62. Analysis of blood samples for hormones circulating in the blood stream of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in relation to breeding behaviour [K017_1966_1967_NZ_2]
A method for recurrent blood sampling of individual birds was perfected before a close study of the behaviour of a number of banded breeding pairs of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) was conducted ...


63. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


64. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


65. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


66. Analysis of samples (cloaca, blood and tissue) from Adelie penguins and Weddell seal samples for influenze viruses from Cape Bird [K251_1985_1986_NZ_1]
There is evidence that some influenza pandemics are caused by influenza viruses which have acquired new antigens from avian viruses. In order to understand the conditions under which antigens are ...


67. Analysis of soil samples (surface and cores), penguin faeces and water for influenza evolution determined from viruses preserved in adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano at Cape Bird and Cape Adare [K030_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The gene sequence of the influenza virus from the frozen soil beneath Adelie penguin colonies on Ross Island, Antarctica was analysed. Gene sequences from virus stored since 1933 show that the virus ...


68. Analysis of the coastal geomorphology of Cape Bird - onshore measurements (tides, wave height, current velocities and direction, climatic parameter) and offshore bathymetric surveys [K014_1971_1972_NZ_3]
Measurements were made on the following inputs into the beach system of Cape Bird: the tides, wave height, current velocities and directions, wind conditions and air temperature to examine which daily ...


69. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


70. Causes of high mortality of the second chick from a pair of skua (Catharaeta maccormicki) eggs; egg content and chick weights, feeding rates, parental brooding behaviour, experimental removal and starvation of chicks [K017_1966_1967_NZ_1]
The cause/factors of heavy mortality of the second chick hatching from a pair of eggs at a skua nest was investigated. Previous observations found that the second chick is chased away from the nest ...


71. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


72. Change in corticosterone levels and corticosterone response in arriving and departing Adelie penguins at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were captured at Cape Bird, Ross Island in the 2001-2002 season to measure the effects of fasting on corticosterone responses in penguins departing from the rookery compared with those ...


73. Collection of ectoparasites from Adelie penguins, an Emperor penguin, a Skua and a Snow Petrel at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_3]
48 Adelie penguins, one Emperor penguin, one Skua and one Snow Petrel were examined for ectoparasites to add to the study of avian ectoparasites of the New Zealand sub region. Two methods were used: ...


74. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...


75. Collection of polychaetes from Cape Bird for taxonomic studies [K014_1971_1972_NZ_1]
A range of polychaetes were collected for taxonomic studies. Colour notes and other observations were made on the live animals. A number of new records from the Ross Sea area were recorded as well ...


76. Collection of tardigrads from areas around the Ross Sea Region to define different species [K014_1975_1976_NZ_1]
Tardigrada, or water bears, are microscopic aquatic invertebrates found in many land and sea habitats. Ultrastructure studies have tried to show their true affinities to other invertebrates. Physiologists ...


77. Comparison of the structure and diversity of the benthic community of Cape Bird with Cape Hallett and Perseverance Harbour, Campbell Island [K014_1970_1971_NZ_4]
A series of quantitative sea bottom grab samples were collected from the benthos in the area of McDonald Beach and north to the ice cliffs, Cape Bird. Samples were collected from between 25 and 200m ...


78. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


79. Corticosterone and behavioural responses to people of arriving and departing penguins temporarily confined, Ross Island [K034_2001_2005_NZ_5]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of incubating penguins was measured on incubating adelie penguins in the 2001-2002 season. In the 2002-2003 seasons that study was extended to include ...


80. Corticosterone response of incubating Adelie penguins to the presence of people, Cape Bird [K034_2001_2005_NZ_2]
The corticosterone and behavioural responses of Adelie penguins to the presence of people was investigated to determine the minimum distance for a person to approach a penguin without initiating a ...


81. Corticosterone responses and body condition of penguins arriving at Cape Bird, Cape Royds and Cape Crozier, Ross Island. 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_3]
With unusual ice conditions around Ross Island as a consequence of the iceberg B15 being stationary north of Ross Island, penguins returning to rookeries had much further to walk than usuall. The ...


82. Culturing techniques, distribution and abundance and SEM analysis of separate instars or moults of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird [K014_1975_1976_NZ_2]
The separtation of instars or moults is essential to a life history study of an invertebrate. A reliable method of differentiating instars of the small black collembolan or springtail, Gomphiocephalus ...


83. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...


84. Diesease in Adelie and Emperor Penguins [K034_2001_2005_NZ_11]
Cloacal swabs were taken from Adelie penguins at Cape Crozier and Cape Bird (2003-2004 season) and at Mandible Cirque (2004-2005 season) and from emperor penguins in McMurdo Sound (2003-2004 season) ...


85. Examination of recent marine deposits and local geology at Cape Barne, Cape Bird and Cape Crozier, Ross Island, Antarctica [K042_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Recent marine deposits were discovered at Cape Barne, Ross Island. A number of well preserved shell layers exposed beside the frozen lakes being Cape Barne, at 30m asl were investigated. Upon examination ...


86. Experiments to determine the processes governing the colonization of micro-organisms in extreme Antarctic fellfields [K015_1982_1983_NZ_1]
In Antarctica, moisture, temperature and other climatic regimes and the quality and stability of the prevailing mineral substrate act as extreme limiting factors for colonization by microbes, cryptograms ...


87. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


88. GIS mapping of vegetation cover at two specially protected areas; Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and Cape Bird [K024_2007_2008_NZ_2]
The ground cover of vegetation was mapped for the entire ASPA (Antarctic Specially Protected Areas) at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour and at Cape Bird including mosses, lichen and algae. The method for ...


89. Genetic variability and patterns of colonisation in Antarctic mosses [K022_1992_1995_NZ_1]
The geographic and microgeographic organisation of variation at genetic marker loci in mosses of the McMurdo Sound region was investigated. Samples of five species of mosses including Bryum argenteum, ...


90. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adelie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2013_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Ad�lie penguins have responded to a -10�C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


91. Genomic Indicators of Climate Chnage - Genetic and isotopic analysis of Adélie penguin tissue from relict colonies at Cape Bird and Cape Royds, Ross Island, Antarctica. [K016_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Our objectives are to identify the molecular basis by which Adélie penguins have responded to a -10°C increase in temperature since the last glacial maximum. We will sequence the genomes of a number ...


92. Glacial geological investigations at the Northern penguin colony at Cape Bird [K162_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Glaciological work was carried out at Cape Bird to determine the glaciers margin structure. Initially, the hydrology of the region was investigated to determine the feasibility of measuring stream ...


93. Ground profile surveys and aerial photographs of Priapulus Point to determine the evolution and development of the land feature [K014_1974_1975_NZ_3]
Data on the nature and composition of the depositional beach ridges which make up Priapulus Point at Cape Bird was collected to determine if the development pattern of the ridges reflects changing ...


94. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


95. Measurements of bill length, body weight, analysis of stomach contents and count of bird movements to and from a colony at Cape Bird to examine feeding behaviour of Adelie penguins [K014_1973_1974_NZ_3]
Weights and bill measurements of 300 adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) leaving the colony and returning from fishing were taken (10 every 2 days) and stomach samples were collected from 17 birds ...


96. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


97. Measurements of distribution, swimming and feeding behaviour, diet analysis and morphometric measurements of Paramoera walkeri - a common subtidal gammarid amphipod [K014_1971_1972_NZ_2]
Paramoera walkeri is a common subtidal gammarid amphipod, occurring to depths slightly in excess of 15m. Work was completed over two seasons of sampling. In the first season, 4 samples were taken ...


98. Measurements of factors affecting the timing of nest relief in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_1]
The timing of nest relief is crucial to the nesting success of adelie penguins. Experiments were conducted to test whether the physiological conditions of the female will determine how long she stays ...


99. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


100. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


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