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51. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


52. Algae, fungi and actinomycetes from soils of Mt Erebus [K052_1982_1983_NZ_4]
Soil samples were collected from the crater of Mt Erebus. Yeast glucose agar and penicillin and streptomycin was used to culture thermophilic microbes, fungi and actinomycetes. Several thermophilic ...


53. Algal composition, physico-chemical features, photosynthetic carbon metabolism, nitrogen cycling and the structure and metabolic properties of algal mats in lakes and streams of southern Victoria Land [K081_1983_1986_NZ_1]
A three year study of lakes and stream of southern Victoria Land was conducted from 1983-1986. In the first season, the algal composition and physico-chemical characteristics of South Victoria Land ...


54. Altitude profile measurements of nitric acid (HNO3) using balloon packages flown into the stratosphere during the autumn, winter and spring [K085_1993_1995_NZ_1]
In addition to ground based measurements of nitric acid (HNO3), altitude profiles of nitric acid was conducted during the autumn, winter and spring using a series of balloon packs flown into the stratosphere. ...


55. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


56. Analysis of breeding success, adult survival and mate choice of south polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) at Cape Bird, Ross Island [K063_1991_1992_NZ_2]
The breeding success, survival and mate choice in south polar skuas was studied at Cape Bird to determine which individual traits influence breeding success, if breeding success is related to mate ...


57. Analysis of ecstatic calls displays and nest parameters and their importance in Adelie penguin mate attraction, pair bonding and nest success [K019_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Mate recognition of adelie penguins is crucial to their breeding success in such an extreme environment. The importance of male ecstatic display, the role of factors including nest location and size ...


58. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


59. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


60. Analysis of soil samples (surface and cores), penguin faeces and water for influenza evolution determined from viruses preserved in adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano at Cape Bird and Cape Adare [K030_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The gene sequence of the influenza virus from the frozen soil beneath Adelie penguin colonies on Ross Island, Antarctica was analysed. Gene sequences from virus stored since 1933 show that the virus ...


61. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


62. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


63. Botanical investigations at Terra Nova Bay and Wood Bay, North Victoria Land and the assessment of human impacts [K271_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Vegetation and environmental studies were conducted at sites on Ross Island and in North Victoria Land, including Terra Nova Bay (Edmonson Point, Northern Foothills, Cape Washington, Mount Melbourne, ...


64. Census of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at the Cape Royds rookery, 22 January, 1985 [K121_1984_1985_NZ_1]
A penguin census (adults and chicks) was conducted in January on the Cape Royds rookery. The number of chicks and adults were counted three times (by two observers for the chicks and one observer ...


65. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


66. Cold tolerance of Antarctic terrestrial nematodes in the McMurdo Sound region [K067_1988_1989_NZ_1]
A survey of the nematode fauna associated with moss and algae growth from terrestrial sites on Ross Island and the McMurdo Dry Valleys was conducted. A total of 6 species were identified and maps ...


67. Column and vertical profiles of chlorine monoxide from a heterodyne spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_2]
A microwave experiment was installed at Scott Base to measure microwave emission of atmospheric chlorine monoxide (ClO) near 1.1 mm wavelength by a heterodyne spectrometer. The heterodyne techniques ...


68. Column and vertical profiles of chlorine monoxide from a heterodyne spectrometer - K085_1996_2012_NZ_2 [K085_1996_2012_NZ_2]
A microwave experiment was installed at Scott Base to measure microwave emission of atmospheric chlorine monoxide (ClO) near 1.1 mm wavelength by a heterodyne spectrometer. The heterodyne techniques ...


69. Constant observations of an adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) colony to determine the precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour and the levels of hormones in their blood [K121_1984_1986_NZ_1]
The precise time of nest relief, the duration of foraging trips and the rhythms of behaviour were measured by keeping a colony of Adelie penguins under constant observation throughout the breeding ...


70. Description of the summit of Mt Erebus from an ascent: temperature profiles, topography features and collected soil, lichen and snow and sulphur samples [K044_1963_1964_NZ_1]
An ascent of Mt Erebus was made to the southwest crater rim to collect snow and sulphur samples and to observe the summits volcanic activity. On the ascent, temperature profiles were establish. Temperature ...


71. Direct measurements of cosmic rays (neutron) flux at several sites in Antarctica [K112_1997_2000_NZ_2]
Cosmic rays (neutron) flux was directly measured with a portable detector in conjunction with a study examining the production of cosmic ray produced nuclides in rocks. The semi portable detector ...


72. Dynamics in the Antarctic Atmosphere, Ross Island [K055_2010_2012_NZ_1]
The outcomes of SNOW WEB are to develop networked technologies which contribute to improved climate and environmental monitoring in the Ross Sea Region. We want to demonstrate both the scientific ...


73. Evaluation of a portable drill for obtaining orientated paleomagnetic samples and detailed mapping and sampling of McMurdo volcanics for petrographic examination and detailed geochemistry studies [K042_1971_1972_NZ_1]
An evaluation of the use a portable drill for obtaining oriented paleomagnetic samples was undertaken on Ross Island. In all, 19 sites were sampled using the drill at Cape Crozier, Cape Bird, Cape ...


74. Examination of recent marine deposits and local geology at Cape Barne, Cape Bird and Cape Crozier, Ross Island, Antarctica [K042_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Recent marine deposits were discovered at Cape Barne, Ross Island. A number of well preserved shell layers exposed beside the frozen lakes being Cape Barne, at 30m asl were investigated. Upon examination ...


75. Examination of the distribution of salts in ice free areas of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and Ross Island [K042_1972_1973_NZ_1]
The distribution of salts in the ice free areas of south Victoria Land were plotted and the physical and chemical forms of salts accumulating in these areas was established to determine the origin ...


76. Floristic surveys, vegetation mapping, soil animals and environmental parameters for algae growth at Cape Bird [K052_1982_1983_NZ_3]
A plant map for Keble Valley was produced and the water channels plotted to determine the factors involved in moss establishment and growth. Water and shelter were found to be the main factors. Temperature ...


77. Genetic sequencing of terrestrial invertebrates along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency to determine patterns of biodiversity, phylogenetic relationships and levels of gene flow among populations [K028_1999_2008_NZ_1]
Molecular techniques (allozyme electrophoresis and mitochondrial gene sequencing) were used to characterise the Antarctic terrestrial biodiversity along the latitudinal range of the Ross Dependency ...


78. Geochemical and geomorphological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys freshwater and saline water bodies [K211_1963_1987_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
Since the 1963-1964 season, Japanese scientists have studied major and trace elements, nutrient matter, stable and radioactive isotopes and organic constituents in lakes and ponds and geological samples ...


79. Geochemical studies on the rocks in the McMurdo Sound region [K042_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Geochemical studies were conducted in the McMurdo Sound region. Mossbauer spectrocopic studies of Desert Varnish, the physical and chemical weathering processes of the lavas on Ross Island and bedrock ...


80. Geochemistry investigations of landforms in the Ross Sea Region to determine past glacial history and landform processes [K009_1969_1970_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The geochemistry of Ross Island (Cape Barne and Cape Crozier), the Taylor and Wright Valleys, Lake Vida in Victoria Valley and Marble Point was studied (weathering and land formation) to determine ...


81. Geological surveys, seismology, chemistry, geology and lava sampling at the Mt Erebus summit crater to investigate the behaviour of the volcano [K044_1972_1982_NZ_1]
An international study of the volcanic activity and geological processes taking place on Mt Erebus were investigated over 10 seasons. The broad program involved several investigations. ...


82. Gravity and seismic data in the Windless Bight area, Ross Island and the Dailey Islands to determine possible lithospheric deformation due to the loading by young Ross Island volcanics [K101_1982_1986_NZ_1]
Where loading of the lithosphere by young volcanic piles has occurred, the lithosphere is found to be displaced downward beneath the load and at distances of about 200-300 km from the centre of the ...


83. Ice thickness measurements of the Erebus Ice Tongue by radio echo sounder [K162_1985_1986_NZ_2]
The Erebus Ice Tongue breaks off near its mid point in single regular calving events at about 30 year intervals. A number of studies have been made on the growth rate, mass balance, ice physics and ...


84. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bromem spectrometer [K085_1988_1996_NZ_1]
A Bomem infrared Fourier transform spectrometer (FTIR), a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure stratospheric nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) (measuring spectra at 10 ...


85. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bruker 120M spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_1]
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun ...


86. Initial assessment for biological research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys Region [K009_1977_1978_NZ_2]
The primary objective of this study was to assess the potential for biological, particularly botanical, research in the Ross Island/Dry Valleys region and to carry out preliminary studies in four ...


87. Investigation of the relationship of the fish population with their associated benthos community (population counts, activity and stomach content) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The relationship between the benthos and fish populations associated with it was investigated. Fish counts, fish behaviour and samples of fish were collected. Four 5m x 2m transects were surveyed ...


88. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2012_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


89. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights - K085_1982_2014_NZ_1 [K085_1982_2014_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


90. Measurements and observations (breeding success, territorial behaviour, morphometric measurements, blood hormone level, etc) of breeding pairs and non-breeding individual South Polar skuas at Northern Rookery, Cape Bird [K063_1989_1990_NZ_1]
South polar skuas (Catharacta maccormicki) are strongly territorial and the number of territorial pairs in any given area is relatively constant from year to year. The presence of adult non-breeding ...


91. Measurements of blood progesterone levels during the breeding season of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) to determine if foraging trips are synchronised [K063_1991_1992_NZ_1]
During the breeding season of adelie penguins, breeding birds undergo periods of fast while their mate is out foraging. A late return by either member of a pair can cause nest failure as late returning ...


92. Measurements of cosmogenic nuclide formation in samples by gamma counting and accelerator mass spectrometry [K112_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The rates of production of 10Be, 26Al and 36Cl in situ by the action of cosmic rays on rocks is essential for accurate cosmogenic isotope dating of exposed surfaces in Antarctica and elsewhere in ...


93. Measurements of environmental radiation near Scott Base and McMurdo Station and in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K211_1984_1985_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The level of environmental radiation (gamma ray exposure) due to terrestrial radionuclides was measured by using a portable NaI gamma ray survey meter in the Ross Island (near Scott Base and McMurdo ...


94. Measurements of heart rate, blood oxygenation, redox state of cytochrome oxidase and blood flow in peripheral tissues of Adelie penguins that have been stressed using an infrared spectrometer [K032_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) live and breed in an physiologically demanding environment that requires individual birds to respond rapidly to fluctuating environmental conditions. The physiological ...


95. Measurements of the amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto sea ice and the effects of enhanced UV radiation levels on sea ice algae [K136_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Sea ice algae are speculated to be considerably vulnerable to the effects of enhanced UV from the ozone hole during the Antarctic spring. The amount of UV and visible radiation falling onto the sea ...


96. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


97. Measurements of the energy requirements of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) by analysis of blood samples for the turnover rate of injected radioactive water and salts and from analysis of gut contents [K121_1984_1987_NZ_1]
The metabolic rate and energy requirements of penguins was determined by measuring the turnover rates of radioactive body water and salts. Individual birds were banded, weighed and injected with radio-active ...


98. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


99. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Brewer spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1989_1996_NZ_1]
A Brewer spectrophotometer was installed at Scott Base in February 1989 to extend the measurements obtained from the Dobson spectrophotometer. The first full season of measurements began in mid-September ...


100. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1988_2008_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


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