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51. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


52. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


53. The effects of increased flow on the distribution of nutrient sources and sinks and the physical, chemical and biological components in the Onyx River ecosystem [K081_1993_1996_NZ_1]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. The effects of this ...


54. The importance of aerial transport in the distribution of microbes, the role of dried mats as reservoirs of viable propagules and the assessment of the habitat for the germination, growth and persistence of propagules [K082_1990_1992_NZ_1]
The potential importance of dried cyanobacterial mats as sources of propagules for local dissemination was studied at Bratina Island (McMurdo Ice Shelf), Lake Fryxell (Taylor Valley) and Cape Crozier ...


55. The legacy model vs the subsidy model to explain soil organic matter in the McMurdo Dry Valleys [K052_2004_2006_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Dry Valleys of Victoria Land, Antarctica, contain naturally simple ecosystems operating under extreme climatic conditions. Nutrients are limited and are thought to come from external sources from ...


56. The natural spawning of Sterechinus spp. (Echinodermata) observed in Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season. Significant numbers of newly spawned embryos were first observed 25 November. Based on the ...


57. The physical and biological structure of the water column in Lake Vanda and the influences to it from the inflow of the Onyx River [K081_1993_1996_NZ_2]
The waters of Lake Vanda, Wright Valley have risen at a rate of 1m per year. The rise was largely attributed to increased flows in its only significant inflow, the Onyx River. Prior to the first flows ...


58. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


59. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


60. The spatial and temporal distribution of the larval fish Pleuragramma antarcticum in the platelet ice and in the water column, Gerlache Inlet. [K018_2006_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Plankton sampling in Gerlache Inlet in the 06-07 season collected large numbers of larvae of the Antarctic ice fish Pleuragramma antarcticum. Samples of Pleuragramma eggs and recently hatched larvae ...


61. The spatial distribution of the meroplankton in Granite Harbour [K018_2008_2009_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A spatial-distribution study of the meroplankton at Granite Harbour was conducted to add to the information on the distribution and abundance patterns of the meroplankton in the Ross Sea (previously ...


62. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...


63. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape [K082_2001_2002_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community. A minimum of three sites, ...


64. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Granite Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Granite Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community during the 07-08 season. Scuba based video ...


65. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at New Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at New Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over two seasons (01-02 and ...


66. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Terra Nova Bay was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and to extend the latitudinal gradient survey ...


67. The temporal variation of meroplankton at Cape Roberts [K018_2008_2009_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Samples of meroplankton were collected through the ice as a feasibility study (of planktonic larval growth and nutrition) in the 2001-2002 field season. Samples were collected from Cape Evans about ...


68. The thermal acclimation ability of notothenioid fish species [K058_2007_2008_NZ_2]
Several individuals of Trematomus bernacchii and Pagothenia borchgrevinki were captured and used in an experiment to understand the ability of these fish to acclimate to increased temperatures. Individuals ...


69. Vegetation mapping of the Fryxell Stream flush, Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_1]
The Frxyell Stream flows into Lake Fryxell in the Taylor Valley. Canada Pond lies upstream of Lake Fryxell adjacent to the Canada Glacier. The Fryxell Stream flush, both the upper flush (flush area ...


70. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


71. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


72. Vegetation surveys of Granite Harbour region including Cape Geology, Botany Bay, Kar Plateau, Lion Island, Couloir Cliffs and Flat Iron [K024_1989_2000_NZ_1]
A preliminary survey of the plant life was conducted at Botany Bay and Cape Geology (Granite Harbour) to prepare an initial species list and to assess the general richness of the area (1989-1990). ...


73. Water nutrient chemistry of ponds on Bratina Island, Antarctica [K081_2004_2005_NZ_3]
Tweleve ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf were sampled to create and annual data set of water nutrient chemistry (DRP, NH4-N, NO3-N, TDN, TDP), pH, conductivity, temperature, phytoplankton chlorophyll ...


74. A grafting experiment testing the ability of Antarctic sponges to recognise self from non-self tissue and their immune response [K054_1988_1989_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Four sponge species ...


75. A mathmatical model of population dynamics to explain changes in biodiversity of microorganisms in ice covered marine environments [K043_2006_2007_NZ_1]
Physical, geographic and biological data were linked into a mathmatical model of population dynamics to integrate and explain the changes in biodiversity of phytoplankton, bacteria and cyanobacteria ...


76. A quantitative survey of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region [K042_1976_1977_NZ_3]
A quantitative survey of the ecology of mosses in the McMurdo Sound region was conducted in the 1976/77 field season. Moss was found around streams below the Rhone, Hughes and Calkin Glaciers in the ...


77. A survey of the density of starfish and sea urchins to determine the grazing pressure of these species on a sponge dominated reef, Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
In order to determine the grazing pressure of starfish and sea urchin species on the benthic community of a reef at Cape Armitage, a survey was made of these species densities. The survey was stratified ...


78. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


79. Aerial photographs and ground counts for assessing breeding success of Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) rookeries on Ross Island [K122_2004_2005_NZ_4]
In conjunction with aerial photographs of the colonies ground truth counts were made since the 1983-1984 season at the Ross Island colonies. The number of occupied nests, nests with eggs, nests with ...


80. An ecological study of Bird Pond at Cape Bird: water parameters, population density and identification plants and animals [K014_1970_1971_NZ_3]
A seasonal ecological study was carried out at Bird Pond, Cape Bird. At weekly intervals the water temperature, depth, conductivity, pH and light were recorded, water samples were analysed for oxygen, ...


81. An investigation of a bacterial infection of Antarctic sponge species at Cape Armitage [K054_1988_1989_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
A bacterial infection was found associated with two species of Antarctic sponges while conducting a survey of the benthic community at Cape Armitage. This infection was not observed in the first year ...


82. Analysis of the community structure of subtidal reefs at Cape Armitage (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sediment spicule mat depth, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1987_1989_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A dive site was selected at Cape Armitage to conduct a marine benthos survey. The water was approximately 25m deep and the bottom was found to be rocky and inhabited by sponges. Other sites were ...


83. Analysis of the reef slope community structure at Pram Point (species composition of invertebrates and fish, sponge reproduction, sediment type, sedimentation rates and tissue sampling for analysis) [K054_1991_1992_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The reef community at Cape Armitage was surveyed over two seasons (1987/88 and 1988/89). This community exists on a fan like shallow slope platform. In the same season, Pram Point was initially assessed ...


84. Bratina Island ponds planktonic community dynamics [K160_2009_2010_NZ_1]
This study aimed to increase the knowledge of microbial biodiversity and the environmental factors which structure them paying special attention to the stratification transition zones within Bratina ...


85. Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region [K122_1981_2008_NZ_1]
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from ...


86. Census data using aerial photographs on the number of breeding Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at colonies in the Ross Sea Region - K122_1981_2012_NZ_1 [K122_1981_2012_NZ_1]
Data are of numbers of breeding pairs of Adelie penguins(Pygoscelis adeliae)in the Ross Sea region colonies counted from aerial photographs. Photographs were taken from either a helicopter or from ...


87. Characterisation and sampling of the macrobenthic community structure of coastal sublittoral soft bottom habitats in Antarctica [K163_1989_1990_NZ_1]
Coastal soft-bottom communities contain diverse assemblages of animals. Biological interactions and physical disturbances are thought to be important in determining community structure on the small ...


88. Characterisation of aquatic resources in McMurdo Sound region of Antarctica: water chemistry, biological identity and genomic samples [K081_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Aquatic environments in Antarctica have changes over time with a changing climate. Small aquatic zones on the surface of glaciers ablation zones are comparatively constant and represent perhaps the ...


89. Collection of marine sediment, algae, invertebrate and fish samples from multiple sites at diveable depths in the Ross Sea Region [K065_2008_2009_NZ_1]
In order to resolve the contribution of microbes (bacteria) in the benthic food web under the sea ice in Antarctica and to determine the level of recycling of carbon that occurs in the community, ...


90. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


91. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans and Cape Armitage [K043_2008_2009_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


92. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


93. Distribution data and samples of non-marine algae for culture and DNA analysis to determine evolution and dispersal of algae along a latitudinal gradient [K124_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Algae populations at different points on a latitudinal gradient within the Ross Sea sector were investigated. At Cape Hallett, the distribution of the different algal communities were mapped by a ...


94. Distribution of meroplankton in Granite Harbour in proximity to a glacier [K018_2009_2010_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a 4 x 3 grid (100m apart) centred around S 77o00.910’; E 162o 58.978’ between 21 Nov 2009 - 26 Nov 2009 to determine if there is a different larval community at different ...


95. Diversity of marine benthic communities at Granite Harbour, the effect of ocean acidification on the Antarctic gooeyduc Laternula elliptica and the effect of pulsed primary food source on the benthic community [K082_2008_2009_NZ_1]
To continue to improve our understanding of Ross Sea marine benthic ecosystem structure and function, investigations were conducted to determine how key benthic organisms (i) respond to ocean acidification, ...


96. Early geological, glaciology and biological investigations of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, the Koettlitz Glacier area and Darwin Glacier area by Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expeditions [K042_1957_1963_NZ_1]
The Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expedition (VUWAE) was mounted to complete the detailed investigations of the extensive ice free area of Victoria Land between the Taylor and Mackay ...


97. Estimates of growth rates of lichen from photographs of lichen thalli on the Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney), Taylor Valley [K024_1980_2008_NZ_1]
A small number of lichen thalli on Mt Falconer summit and ridge and the Rhone Bench (above Lake Bonney) were marked and photographed during the 80-81 field season. These plants were refound over subsequent ...


98. Examination of the photosynthetic behaviour (energy content, nutrient content, productivity and acclimation) of mosses and lichens throughout the summer season at Cape Hallett [K024_2004_2006_NZ_2]
A possible sign of climate change is likely to be improved production and growth in plants. The response of net photosynthetic rates were measured on the large areas of relatively uniform moss cover ...


99. Examination of the water mixing processes, water temperature and zooplankton species assemblage under the Ross Ice Shelf [K007_1976_1978_NZ_1]
The water under the Ross Ice Shelf was investigated over two seasons through a hole drilled in the ice. In the first season, an ice hole near White Island was used to access the water under the ice ...


100. Experimental measurements of the effects of the environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of Antarctic mosses and lichens at Cape Hallett [K024_1998_1999_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and B. pseudotriquetrum ...


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