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51. Physico-chemical properties of sea ice in relation to biological activity from ice cores taken along a transect in McMurdo Sound [K131_1999_2003_NZ_1]
The interactions between biological activity and physico-chemical characteristics of landfast first year sea ice were investigated in McMurdo Sound as a multiparametric analysis of the physico-chemical ...


52. Physiochemical speciation of trace metals in Dry Valley Lakes: Lake Fryxell, Lake Vanda and Lake Bonney [K013_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Limnological studies were conducted at mid-lake sites at Lake Fryxell, Vanda and Bonney in November and December 1985. The primary objective was to examine the speciation of metals in the water column ...


53. Physiological control of the heart and pH balance in Antarctic fish: An adaptation to cold temperatures [K012_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Changes in temperature are thought to affect the relative contributions of the excitatory adrenergic and inhibitory parasympathetic nerves to the vertebrate heart. Investigations of the heart function ...


54. Physiology of Arthropods (Collembola) at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_2]
Environmental physiology of three species of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola): (1) Isotoma klovstadi (Isotomidae), (2) Cryptopygus cisantarcticus (Isotomidae) and (3) Friesia grisea (Neanuridae). ...


55. Plankton and epibenthos sampling from Cape Bird for the University of Canterbury collection and studies [K014_1976_1977_NZ_2]
Epibenthos samples were taken at 2100 each night from the 25 November until the 17 December, 1976 of the plankton and epibenthos immediately adjacent to the shore in front of the wet lab stationed ...


56. Plankton investigations in the Ross Sea in relation to seawater parameters [K014_1970_1971_NZ_6]
Plankton and water was sampled from a site at Cape Bird and the parameters measured include: salinity, light, temperature, biomass of zooplankton and phytoplankton, species identification of zooplankton ...


57. Plant biodiversity survey of the Cape Hallett region [K024_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Changes in biodiversity (the numbers, types and amount of terrestrial lichens and mosses) are expected to be one signal for environmental change. Better collection techniques, better identification ...


58. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


59. Plasma protein profiles of severely ice-damaged Notothenioidei fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_2]
A small percentage of the notothenioid fish caught in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region were found to have what was classed as ice damage (oedema) in their eyes, potentially resulting from ...


60. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett and an investigation of the Cape Adare colony [K017_1960_1961_NZ_1]
The total size of the breeding population of Adelie penguins at Cape Hallett was determined by counting all the occupied sites at the period when the adult population was near its zenith. The colony ...


61. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds [K122_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The breeding colony at Cape Royds was kept under daily observations during an entire breeding season before birds started arriving (only 17 present when observations started) until all birds had departed ...


62. Population counts of the Adelie penguin at Cape Hallett [K017_1968_1969_NZ_3]
The Adelie penguin colony at Seabee Spit, Cape Hallett was first discovered in 1956 and estimates then and later (Reid, 1964) detailed counts of the population was used to compare with a census conducted ...


63. Population dynamics of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddelli) in McMurdo Sound and the Victoria Land Coast: movement in the area, sub-adult populations, age structure and reproductive condition [K017_1960_1973_NZ_1]
The population parameters of the Weddell seal in McMurdo Sound was initiated in the 1965-66 season following a 4 year study of the reproductive cycle of the Weddell seal and 2 years of tagging by ...


64. Population ecology of the South Polar skua at Cape Hallett: 1967-1969 [K017_1966_1969_NZ_1]
A banding study of the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) was conducted over three field seasons (1966/67, 1967/68 and 1968/69) at Cape Hallett. A swinging door type trap was constructed in ...


65. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


66. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. [K122_2004_2005_NZ_3]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. Data was collected on Adelie penguin reproductive ...


67. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) [K122_1994_2012_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


68. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) - K122_2004_2005_NZ_2 [K122_2004_2005_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


69. Population study, growth rate of chicks, mortality rate, diurnal observations, measurements of aggressiveness and the collection of morphological and anatomical data of an adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_2]
A population study was conducted on Adelie penguins in the Northern colony at Cape Bird. 15 colonies were selected for daily observations and complete maps of every colony was made to measure the ...


70. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


71. Production and succession investigations of phytoplankton and zooplankton from onshore, tidecrack, ice floes and epibenthic samples at Cape Bird [K014_1977_1978_NZ_1]
The phytoplankton and zooplankton was samples at Cape Bird to determine seasonal trends in the populations structure of onshore communities, determine if a separate tidecrack community exists, the ...


72. Profile descriptions, mapping and analysis of soils in the Wright Valley, Antarctica and assessment of soil disturbance by foot traffic [K123_2004_2005_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the Lower Wright Valley, West Wright Valley (including north and south forks), Labyrinth and Dais was carried out over three field seasons (2004-05, 2005-06 and 2006-07) ...


73. Provenance analysis of Cambrian conglomerates, Northern Victoria Land [K051_2000_2003_NZ_1]
The Cambrian volcanic arc of North Victoria Land and the Cambrian arc of NW Nelson (NZ) are strikingly similar. They are of island arc character but both now lie within continental crust. In NVL ...


74. Pseudomonad organisms capable of degrading resin acids: Are they found in Antarctica? Soil samples from Mt Erebus [K023_1996_1997_NZ_1]
Pseudomonads are gram negative bacteria which are unique in their ability to degrade aromatic compounds such as xylene, napthalene and camphor and have recently been shown to degrade toxic resin acids ...


75. Psychological (clinical, observational, psychometric and psychophysiological) studies on Scott Base staff who wintered over in successive parties [K017_1976_1978_NZ_1]
A temporary psychological and psychophysiological laboratory was set up at Scott Base to obtain psychometric, psychophysical and psychophysiological data from nine men who had wintered over. The ...


76. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of incidents and their effect on mood while working and living in Antarctica [K073_1998_2000_NZ_1]
The occurrance of the 'third quarter' phenomenon - a downturn in mood occurring shortly after the midpoint of isolation - may be the result of different types of incidents and events that occur at ...


77. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of mood to assess the occurrence of the 'third quarter' phenomenon on people living and working in Antarctica [K073_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The apparent 'third quarter' phenomena in polar missions where low points in mood and morale are experienced just past mid-season were investigated. A prestudy assessment was conducted on the winter ...


78. Psychological data from scientists in the field and support staff at Scott Base to understand the social and psychological aspects of ethical decision making (environmental protection vs work tasks) [K073_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica is a pristine and fragile environment. People working there need to balance the need for environmental protection against the demands of their task while they are on the ice.The social ...


79. Psychological interview data of expectations and perceptions and mood data from people working and living in Antarctica [K073_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The effects of expectations regarding living and working at Scott Base was investigated with the main aim to examine the impact of mismatches between expectations and perceptions on the mood of personnel ...


80. Psychological surveys and interviews of visitors to Antarctica over three phases of their journey [K073_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Visitors to Antarctica (Ross Sea Region) were examined via survey and questionnaires over three phases of their experience; 1) anticipation of the visit, 2) during the on-site visit and 3) upon return ...


81. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


82. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


83. The depth, motion and mass balance of the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica [K053_2003_2005_NZ_1]
An examination of the McMurdo Ice Shelf processes was carried out over two field seasons, 2003-2005. Measurements of surface ice motion and mass balance were made by placing stakes across the McMurdo ...


84. Geological and geophysical investigations of the crustal structure and geological processes of the Victoria Land basin and the Iselin Bank areas [K101_1983_1984_NZ_1]
The geological structure and processes of parts of the Ross Sea continental shelf and margin was investigated via the USGS research ship S.P.LEE. The geological structure was investigated from the ...


85. Dynamics and ionisation in the Antarctic middle atmosphere: MF radar measurements [K055_2004_2008_NZ_1]
Our studies investigate the Antarctic middle atmosphere’s response to natural and man-made factors which change climate. The dynamical processes of this region are significant in controlling the circulation ...


86. Dynamics and ionisation in the Antarctic middle atmosphere: MF radar measurements - K055_2004_2012_NZ_1 [K055_2004_2012_NZ_1]
Our studies investigate the Antarctic middle atmosphere’s response to natural and man-made factors which change climate. The dynamical processes of this region are significant in controlling the circulation ...


87. Geomagnetic and seismological data collected from Scott Base, Cape Evans (Ross Island) and Lake Vanda [K102_1959_2008_NZ_1]
Geomagnetic and seismological measurements were established in Antarctica in 1957 as part of the International Geophysical Year and have continued until present. Geomagnetic data have been recorded ...


88. Geomagnetic and seismological data collected from Scott Base, Cape Evans (Ross Island) and Lake Vanda - K102_1959_2012_NZ_1 [K102_1959_2012_NZ_1]
Geomagnetic and seismological measurements were established in Antarctica in 1957 as part of the International Geophysical Year and have continued until present. Geomagnetic data have been recorded ...


89. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


90. Analysis of soil samples for human comensal micro-organism to determine the degree of human induced microbial contamination of heavily used regions [K023_2001_2002_NZ_2]
Mineral soils from the immediate vicinity of field campsites in the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island campsites were sampled daily during occupation. The samples were analysed with PCR ...


91. Determining the microbial flora around mummified seal carcases in the McMurdo Dry Valleys as a nutrient source for microbial diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_3]
Transect sampling of surface and 5-10cm depth of the soils in the vicinity of seal carcases in the Miers Valley was carried out. Samples were analysed to assess the impact of local carbon/nitrogen ...


92. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


93. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2011_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


94. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2012_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


95. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Meirs Valley mineral soils [K023_2004_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The primary objective of this event was to examine possible environmental factors (moisture, nutrients, mineralogy) driving the microbial diversity in the dry valley soils of Antarctica. 325 mineral ...


96. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley [K023_2005_2007_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Modern molecular phylogenetics, in conjunction with sensitive mineral surface geochemical analysis, was used to determine the quantitative and qualitative distribution of micro-organism in Dry Valley ...


97. Investigation into the environmental factors that drive microbial diversity in the soils of the Miers Valley, Mt Erebus, Bratina Island and Beacon Valley - K023_2007_2008_NZ_1 [K023_2007_2008_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
In this study, the active microbial component in the Dry Valleys system was characterized using newly developed molecular techniques with the aid of in situ augmentation and cloches (wind protection) ...


98. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


99. Microbial diversity and the environmental factors that drive the microbial community in the Ross Sea Region [K023_2004_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The Antarctic environment has recently been shown to support a high level of diversity of bacteria in the soil given the simplicity and extreme nature of the habitat. Understanding the relationship ...


100. Vertical transect mineral soil samples collected from the Wright Valley, Miers Valley and Bratina Island analysed for microbial biomass, phylogeny and diversity using molecular methods [K023_2001_2002_NZ_1]
The extreme environment of the Dry Valleys has opposing views on the microbial diversity present. Using molecular biological techniques, a detailed study was undertaken of the prokaryotic community ...


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