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51. The depth distribution of meroplankton in the water column of Granite Harbour [K018_2009_2010_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site (S 77o00.725’; E 162o 53.046’) between 27 Nov 2009 - 01 Dec 2009 about 1 km to the south of Granite Harbour Camp during the 09-10 season to determine if there ...


52. The distribution and abundance patterns of meroplankton in the Ross Sea region [K018_2002_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The pelagic community of the Ross Sea consists of a permanent component (=holoplankton) and a temporary component which is primarily made up from the larval stages of benthic marine invertebrates ...


53. The distribution of terrestrial invertebrates at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_1]
A survey of the terrestrial invertebrates of the ice free areas at Cape Hallett was conducted over three spatial scales: 1) A site-wide survey of the soil and under-stone arthropods of the Cape Hallett ...


54. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_5]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow, baited traps, coring (coring through sea ice) or hand collections ...


55. The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods in the Ross Sea [K043_2008_2009_NZ_4]
The distribution, taxonomy, physiology and feeding habits of pelagic amphipods was investigated. Amphipods were collected by plankton tow over two seasons. Approximately 1200 individual amphipods ...


56. The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented ...


57. The ecology and physiology of Antarctic invertebrates at Cape Bird [K140_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The effect of temperature on the terrestrial arthropod fauna at Cape Bird was investigated. The work was carried out over three field season and the site was visited for three periods during each ...


58. The effects of UVB on growth and productivity and photoadaptations of bottom ice algae at Cape Evans, McMurdo Sound [K136_1999_2002_NZ_1]
Sea ice hosts a large community of algae which is released into the food chain when the ice melts. The sea ice algae grow rapidly in the Antarctic spring at a time that coincides with the ozone hole ...


59. The identification, function and cold adaptation of the proteins/enzymes in Antarctic fish from amount and distribution of lactate dehydrogenase from seven different tissues [K066_2000_2003_NZ_2]
The cold adaptation in the proteins/enzymes of Antarctic fish was investigated in collaboration with the American Antarctic program. The likely function of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the only isozyme ...


60. The natural spawning of Sterechinus spp. (Echinodermata) observed in Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett [K018_2003_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Plankton was sampled at a single site off Seabee Hook, Edisto Inlet, Cape Hallett during the 04-05 season. Significant numbers of newly spawned embryos were first observed 25 November. Based on the ...


61. The occurrance of heavy metals in marine benthic organisms, Cape Evans and Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
The distribution of heavy metals (such as Cd, Pb and Hg) in different areas of the Antarctic marine coastal ecosystems along a latitudinal gradient, and at sites characterised by different degrees ...


62. The photosynthetic performance (photosynthesis response curves to light and water content at various temperatures) of the pale and dark forms of the lichen Usnea spacelata from Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_4]
The photosynthetic performance of the fruticose lichen Usnea sphacelata was measured using advanced, climatised photosynthetic cuvettes at Scott Base. Individuals of the Usnea sp were identified and ...


63. The physiology of Phymatolithon foecundum from Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Phymatolithon foecundum is a coralline growth found in the coastal benthic environment. Benthic surveys indicated that P. foecundum is abundant throughout the deep gradients (10-30m depth). A range ...


64. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Granite Harbour [K043_2008_2009_NZ_3]
In the 2008/2009 season, samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM ...


65. The role of Phyllophora antarctica in structuring macrofaunal communities at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Benthic suveys indicate that Phyllophora is the only attached macroalga present at Cape Evans. Attached and drift algal biomass was quantified in quadrats (61) between 0 - 30m depth using stratified ...


66. The role of grazing on sea ice algae and sea ice bacteria by ciliates and flagellated (zooplankton) in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_3]
Sea water was collected from a depth of 2 meters below the sea ice in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay. Initial measurements of chlorophyll along with presence and abundance of ciliates ...


67. The role of moisture in rock weathering at Gneiss Point, Victoria Land, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Field measurements and rock samples were taken at Gneiss Point (02-03) to determine the role of moisture in rock weathering processes along the Victoria land Coast. Surface and sub-surface temperatures ...


68. The role of moisture in rock weathering at Teall Island, Victoria Land, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Field measurements and rock samples were taken at Teall Island (03-04) to determine the role of moisture in rock weathering processes along the Victoria land Coast. Surface and sub-surface temperatures ...


69. The role of moisture in rock weathering at Terra Nova Bay, Victoria Land, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Field measurements and rock samples were taken at Terra Nova Bay (03-04) to determine the role of moisture in rock weathering processes along the Victoria land Coast. Surface and sub-surface temperatures ...


70. The role of moisture in rock weathering at Victoria Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica [K056_2002_2005_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Field measurements and rock samples were taken at Victoria Valley (02-03) to determine the role of moisture in rock weathering processes along the Victoria land Coast. Surface and sub-surface temperatures ...


71. The spatial and temporal distribution of the larval fish Pleuragramma antarcticum in the platelet ice and in the water column, Gerlache Inlet. [K018_2006_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Plankton sampling in Gerlache Inlet in the 06-07 season collected large numbers of larvae of the Antarctic ice fish Pleuragramma antarcticum. Samples of Pleuragramma eggs and recently hatched larvae ...


72. The spatial distribution of the meroplankton in Granite Harbour [K018_2008_2009_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A spatial-distribution study of the meroplankton at Granite Harbour was conducted to add to the information on the distribution and abundance patterns of the meroplankton in the Ross Sea (previously ...


73. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Cape Evans [K082_2001_2002_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Cape Evans was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over several seasons to assess ...


74. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape [K082_2001_2002_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Dunlop Island and Spike Cape was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community. A minimum of three sites, ...


75. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Granite Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Granite Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community during the 07-08 season. Scuba based video ...


76. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at New Harbour [K082_2001_2002_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at New Harbour was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and resurveyed over two seasons (01-02 and ...


77. The structural and functional diversity of the shallow-water benthic community at Terra Nova Bay [K082_2001_2002_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
The biodiversity of the seafloor community at Terra Nova Bay was investigated to determine the structural and functional diversity of the benthic community and to extend the latitudinal gradient survey ...


78. The temporal variation of meroplankton at Cape Roberts [K018_2008_2009_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Samples of meroplankton were collected through the ice as a feasibility study (of planktonic larval growth and nutrition) in the 2001-2002 field season. Samples were collected from Cape Evans about ...


79. The use of GIS mapping techniques to assess changes in vegetation at Cape Hallett [K024_2003_2004_NZ_1]
A detailed vegetation map of a 120m by 28m study site was published by Rudolph (1963). A paper copy of the original maps of this research was obtained from archives at the University of Ohio.The map ...


80. The use of computer models to predict changes in patterns and processes of terrestrial ecosystems in Antarctica: real data from automatic weather stations and digital cameras, dust samplers and soil samples [K024_2007_2008_NZ_1]
Field work was carried out to add to the creation of a dynamic geographic information system in which the specific observations about patterns and processes of the physical environment, plus observations ...


81. Trace metal analysis of sea ice at Granite Harbour [K043_2009_2010_NZ_1]
Samples of sea ice and surface snow were collected from the region around the Granite Harbour camp. Samples were melted and filtered in ultra clean conditions and returned to NZ for analysis.


82. Using labelled antifreeze proteins placed in the gut of notothenioid fish to determine the path they take from the gut to the blood [K066_2000_2003_NZ_1]
The many fish that live in the waters around Antarctica have a unique set of adaptations to cope with the extremely cold conditions in which they live. They have developed antifreeze proteins (AFP) ...


83. Vegetation survey in a proposed long-term monitoring site at Castle Rock [K024_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The site, near Castle Rock was delineated in a previous season by another investigator. The area was carefully searched and plants located, identified and as necessary, collected for herbarium and ...


84. Vegetation surveys and trails of a 'tracker' system to allow both topography and plant occurrence to be mapped at Cape Royds [K024_1996_1997_NZ_2]
A species list and vegetation notes of the Cape Royds area was completed. A high density of lichens occurred (eg Usnea sphacelata)at Horseshoe Bay and inland near the ice edge (Caloplaca sp.). A 'tracker' ...


85. Water nutrient chemistry of ponds on Bratina Island, Antarctica [K081_2004_2005_NZ_3]
Tweleve ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf were sampled to create and annual data set of water nutrient chemistry (DRP, NH4-N, NO3-N, TDN, TDP), pH, conductivity, temperature, phytoplankton chlorophyll ...


86. A molecular analysis of penguin and chewing lice coevolution from Adelie (Pygoscelis adeliae) and Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) penguins [K029_1999_2000_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Royds (11-12 November, 1999) were captured and checked for chewing lice. Emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) at Cape Crozier (15-16 November, 1999) ...


87. A vegetation assessment of Beaufort Island [K024_1996_1997_NZ_3]
The vegetation at Beaufort Island was assessed and a report written to ICAIR including a description of the area, species present, comparison to other Dry Valley vegetation, the merits of the vegetation ...


88. Algal response to transplantation with a ice core flipping experiment, Terra Nova Bay, Ross Sea [K043_2006_2008_NZ_2]
Three ice cores were drilled in sea ice (2.1 m thick) in the region of Gondwana Station in Terra Nova Bay during the 06-07 season. The cores were stored in black plastic bags and then replaced back ...


89. Analysis of the effects of environmental factors (temperature, light, water content and CO2 concentration) on the photosynthesis activity of two common Antarctic mosses and a cyanobacterial mat in the Taylor Valley [K024_2002_2003_NZ_2]
A detailed study of how the environmental factors temperature, light, water content and carbon dioxide concentration affected photosynthesis of the two common mosses Bryum argenteum and Hennediella ...


90. Analysis of the endolithic communities in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: microclimate, biodiversity, community structure, biomass, photosynthetic activity and genetic diversity [K024_2003_2008_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic activity of endolithic communities at three sites in the Ross Sea Region, including Mt Falconer in the Taylor Valley, Linnaeus Terrace in the Asgard Range, the Nussbaumriegel in ...


91. Carbon and nitrogen fixation rates from microbial mat populations in moraine ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf [K081_2004_2005_NZ_4]
Carbon and nitrogen fixation experiments were conducted on mats collected from 10 of the ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf near Bratina Island. Nitrogen fixation was determined via reduction of acetylene ...


92. Chlorophyll a fluorescence and temperature measurements from lichen and mosses buried under snow at Botany Bay, Granite Harbour [K024_1999_2000_NZ_2]
Fluorescence (chlorophyll a fluorescence) activity measurements were recorded for selected plants for about three weeks to determine if the photosystems of lichen or mosses are active in differing ...


93. Chlorophyll measurements, cell counts, species identifications in sea ice. DNA, RNA samples in RNAlater [K043_2011_2012_NZ_1]
Cape Evans : Measurements of chlorophyll a per sq m, from 10cm sections of sea ice from the bottom middle and top of ice cores, Samples also taken for cell counts, species identifications, DNA,RNA ...


94. Cloacal and rectal samples collected from Adelie penguins, south polar skuas and Weddell seals in the Ross Sea region [K029_2005_2006_NZ]
Genetic data has revealed that endemism exists within the microbial world. Antarctica is physically separated from the rest of the world and has a short history of human activity which may appear ...


95. Collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mite (Stereotydius mollis) samples and surveys of the lower Taylor Valley for phylogenetic relationship studies [K024_2002_2003_NZ_1]
Both collembolids (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) and mites (Stereotydius mollis) were surveyed over the entire floor of the lower Taylor Valley with special attention paid to the stream areas and to wet ...


96. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans Cape Armitage and Turtle Rock [K043_2008_2012_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


97. Community composition survey at Terra Nova Bay with similar samples collected at Cape Evans and Cape Armitage [K043_2008_2009_NZ_5]
Five ice cores were collected from Terra Nova bay in the vicinity of Gondwana station. From each core the top, middle and bottom sections were sectioned and processed as described earlier. In addition, ...


98. Comparative studies of vegetation surveys, maps, species lists and lichen growth rates of the Cape Hallett region (Seebee Hook, Willett Cove and the scree slopes surrounding them) with a 1968 study [K024_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The first botanical work at Cape Hallett was carried out when Hallett Station existed in the early to late 1960s. These studies were used for comparative purposes of vegetation cover and lichen growth ...


99. Comparison of the photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species in the Ross Sea region [K024_2002_2003_NZ_3]
The photosynthetic performance of Umbilicaria species was measured under standard conditions in the laboratory and compared with Umbilicaria species from the Taylor Valley and Mt Kyffin.


100. Determination of the unique evolutionary patterns that prevail in the Antarctic springtail (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) [K025_2006_2007_NZ]
The energetic budgets (activity) of Antarctic springtails (Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni) was investigated at Cape Bird, Ross Island and the Garwood Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys to determine the unique ...


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