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51. Video surveillance recordings and seismic activity of Mt Erebus: 1986-1991, The International Mt Erebus Eruption Mechanism Study (IMEEMS) [K044_1986_1991_NZ_1]
Studies of the location of earthquake foci at Mt Erebus found that eruption earthquakes had an apparent range of depths to 4km, but that infrasonic signals were more consistant with a surface origin. ...


52. Water chemistry and biology of the Canada Glacier glacial meltwater stream [K009_1981_1982_NZ_1]
Lake water chemistry is relatively well understood, whereas in comparison stream waters have been little studied. The chemistry of glacial meltwater from the Canada Glacier was characterised and the ...


53. Wind profiles of the Wright Valley using an acoustic wind profiler measuring wind speed and direction and dry bulb temperature [K016_1990_1991_NZ_1]
A new acoustic wind profiler was tested in the Wright Valley on the slopes of Mount Odin. This instrument may have the advantage of providing continuous vertical profiles of wind speed and direction ...


54. 5 minute sea level, air temperature and barometric pressure data from a monitoring station near Scott Base since 2001 [K089_2001_2008_NZ_1]
In January 2001, a sea level monitoring station was installed near to the reverse osmosis intake near Scott Base. The data are transmitted from the sensor, to a data logger at Scott Base. Data is ...


55. 5 minute sea level, air temperature and barometric pressure data from a monitoring station near Scott Base since 2001 - K089_2001_2012_NZ_1 [K089_2001_2012_NZ_1]
In January 2001, a sea level monitoring station was installed near to the reverse osmosis intake near Scott Base. The data are transmitted from the sensor, to a data logger at Scott Base. Data is ...


56. 5 minute sea level, air temperature and barometric pressure data from a monitoring station near Scott Base since 2001 - K089_2001_2013_NZ_1 [K089_2001_2013_NZ_1]
In January 2001, a sea level monitoring station was installed near to the reverse osmosis intake near Scott Base. The data are transmitted from the sensor, to a data logger at Scott Base. Data is ...


57. A gravity survey of the Taylor Valley and Dailey Islands [K042_1979_1980_NZ_3]
A gravity survey of the lower Taylor Valley, from New Harbour to the Suess Glacier was completed in the 1977-1978 field season to tie in with the Dry Valley Drilling Project (DVDP) holes and to trace ...


58. A study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Oasis by the dating of lacustre carbonates [K009_1979_1980_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
Three holes were drilled into frozen sediments around Lake Fryxell. The first was 4ft in depth in frozen silts approx 50m NW of the Fryxell Hut. The second hole was 30m east of the first hole and ...


59. A survey of suitable sites in the Wright Valley for boreholes and a study of Lake Vanda sediments [K009_1971_1972_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
Two weeks were spent in the Wright Valley to survey suitable sites for boreholes to be put down as part of the International Drilling Programme. It was proposed to core the entire thickness of bottom ...


60. CIROS Project: Obtaining Cenozoic history of the Ross Sea by coring sedimentary strata offshore [K001_CIROS_PROJECT]
The CIROS (Cenozoic Investigation in the Western Ross Sea) drilling project was conducted to obtain a record of the early history of the Antarctic Ice Sheet and the rise of the Transantarctic Mountains. ...


61. Climate data (wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation) from manual observations and automatic weather stations at Scott Base and Arrival Heights [K089_1957_2008_NZ_1]
Climate data have been collected at Scott Base continuously since 1957 and more recently from Arrival Heights and is one of the longest continuous climate records in Antarctica. Climate parameters ...


62. Climate data (wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation) from manual observations and automatic weather stations at Scott Base and Arrival Heights - K089_1957_2012_NZ_1 [K089_1957_2012_NZ_1]
Climate data have been collected at Scott Base continuously since 1957 and more recently from Arrival Heights and is one of the longest continuous climate records in Antarctica. Climate parameters ...


63. Climate data (wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and solar radiation) from manual observations and automatic weather stations at Scott Base and Arrival Heights - K089_1957_2013_NZ_1 [K089_1957_2013_NZ_1]
Climate data have been collected at Scott Base continuously since 1957 and more recently from Arrival Heights and is one of the longest continuous climate records in Antarctica. Climate parameters ...


64. Column and vertical profiles of chlorine monoxide from a heterodyne spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_2]
A microwave experiment was installed at Scott Base to measure microwave emission of atmospheric chlorine monoxide (ClO) near 1.1 mm wavelength by a heterodyne spectrometer. The heterodyne techniques ...


65. Column and vertical profiles of chlorine monoxide from a heterodyne spectrometer - K085_1996_2012_NZ_2 [K085_1996_2012_NZ_2]
A microwave experiment was installed at Scott Base to measure microwave emission of atmospheric chlorine monoxide (ClO) near 1.1 mm wavelength by a heterodyne spectrometer. The heterodyne techniques ...


66. Daily records of the dynamics, ionization and structure of the Antarctic mesosphere from Scott Base [K055_1982_2003_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
An investigation into the ionospheric D-region of the atmosphere was initiated in 1982 with the installation of radar equipment (Polarimeter and HF radar) at Scott Base. The radar operated by remote ...


67. Dating of the Ross Sea glaciations from the Koettlitz Glacier region [K021_1986_1987_NZ_1]
The interaction between the Koettlitz Glacier and Trough Lake was determined as a model for the Quaternary proglacial lakes which occupy many of the coastal valleys of the McMurdo Oasis. Trough Lake ...


68. Deformation surveys of the Mt Erebus crater from 1980 to 1985 [K044_1980_1985_NZ_1]
A programme to monitor volcanic activity about the active summit crater of Mt Erebus was conducted by the NZ Geological Survey from December 1980 to December 1985. The surveys were made annually in ...


69. Determination of the range of reflecting structures in the upper atmosphere: a frequency shift experiment [K055_1990_1991_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
A HF Middle and Upper atmospheric radar is operated at Scott Base year round under automatic control for two experiments: the Partial Reflection Winds and the D-region polarimeter experiments. An ...


70. Geochemical and geochronology of late quaternary glaciations in the McMurdo Sound Region [K009_1982_1983_NZ_1]   PARENT DIF
The history and mechanics of the late Wisconsin age lakes which have periodically filled many of the lower portions of many of the Valleys that open into McMurdo Sound was studied from samples taken ...


71. Geodetic (data) survey marks for a geodetic referencing system in the Ross Sea Region: Scott Base GPS continuous tracking station [K150_2004_2008_NZ_1]
A number of survey stations are in use in the Ross Sea Region by both the USAP and NZAP. All of the survey stations have been visited to connect and unify all current survey datums in use in the area ...


72. Glacial geological investigations at the Northern penguin colony at Cape Bird [K162_1985_1986_NZ_1]
Glaciological work was carried out at Cape Bird to determine the glaciers margin structure. Initially, the hydrology of the region was investigated to determine the feasibility of measuring stream ...


73. Gravity Measurements for Hut Point Peninsula Base Stations [K105_2008_2009_NZ_1]
Construction of buildings at McMurdo Station and Scott Base has resulted in the loss of several of the gravity base stations established during and shortly after the IGY. Antarctica New Zealand established ...


74. Gravity and seismic data in the Windless Bight area, Ross Island and the Dailey Islands to determine possible lithospheric deformation due to the loading by young Ross Island volcanics [K101_1982_1986_NZ_1]
Where loading of the lithosphere by young volcanic piles has occurred, the lithosphere is found to be displaced downward beneath the load and at distances of about 200-300 km from the centre of the ...


75. Hydrology and Glaciology of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica - glacier mass balance, ablation and movement and melt record determined by monitoring of stream flow and lake level of glacier fed streams and lakes [K161_1969_1991_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
A hydrological/glaciological study was conducted in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The purpose of the hydrological/glaciological programme was to study ...


76. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bromem spectrometer [K085_1988_1996_NZ_1]
A Bomem infrared Fourier transform spectrometer (FTIR), a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure stratospheric nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) (measuring spectra at 10 ...


77. Infrared spectrometer measurements of nitric (HNO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl) from Arrival Heights using a Bruker 120M spectrometer [K085_1996_2008_NZ_1]
A Bruker 120M interferometer, a high resolution infrared instrument, was used to measure trace gases in the atmosphere (HNO3, HCl, CH4, N2O, CO, ClONO2) during the early spring from the time the sun ...


78. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights [K085_1982_2012_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


79. JY Spectrometer measurements of ozone and nitrogen dioxide from Arrival Heights - K085_1982_2014_NZ_1 [K085_1982_2014_NZ_1]
Ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are two trace gases in the stratosphere that interact to have an important effect on the radiation balance. The spatial and temporal variation in these gases ...


80. Lake water level monitoring of glacier fed lakes in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
Monitoring of the lake level and lake ice ablation rates of lakes in the Dry Valleys was monitored from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The data was used to contribute to the understanding ...


81. Magnetotelluric measurements of the earth's crust beneath the Wright Valley [K042_1983_1984_NZ_3]
A magnetotelluric study was made of the earth's crust beneath the Wright Valley. Fluxgate magnetometers were used to record 3 component magnetic field variations and lead electrodes, 150 meters apart, ...


82. Marine Seismic Surveying in McMurdo Sound [K042_1979_1980_NZ_4]
A marine seismic survey was conducted in McMurdo Sound to extend marine seismic coverage to i) the western side of McMurdo Sound, in order to examine the nature of any faulting or other structures ...


83. Mass balance measurements and glacier monitoring of glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K161_1969_1991_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
Glaciers of the Dry Valleys occur where snow accumulation gains exceed sublimation and other losses. Monitoring of the mass balance of glaciers in the Dry Valleys was conducted from the 1969/70 summer ...


84. Measurement of atmospheric electrical fields during storms and the investigation of the effect of blowing dust on these fields [K011_1969_1974_NZ_1]
An electrostatic field mill, operated by the University of Auckand Physics Department was installed at Vanda Station and monitored electrical fields during storms throughout the year over several ...


85. Measurement of ionosphere activity from the Beacon satellite launched in 1964 [K002_1969_1970_NZ_2]
The Polar Ionosphere Beacon Satellite Program, S-66, was for the purpose of ionospheric research. The S-66 program aimed to make possible a synoptic study of the ionosphere as it varies in time and ...


86. Measurement of ocean waves and ice coupled waves near a fast ice boundary, McMurdo Sound [K137_1990_1993_NZ_1]
Ocean waves interact with Antarctic ice. Pack ice acts as a barrier to wave penetration, and attenuates the propagating waves. The presence of fast ice changes the nature of the wave interaction so ...


87. Measurement of the characteristics of the intensity and polaristion of skylight at two different sites in Antarctica, differeing in albedo [K041_1992_1993_NZ_1]
The enhancement of UVB radiation falling onto the different land surfaces was investigated. Previous measurements (in the 1990 season) found low maximum polarisation of sky light and strong low azimuth ...


88. Measurement of time and space structure of atmospheric planetary waves in the polar mesosphere from Scott Base, South Pole Station and collaboration with other countries [K055_1982_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The regular heating and cooling of the atmosphere drives energetic weather systems near the earth's surface. Some of this energy is propagated upwards into the middle atmosphere in a variety of wave ...


89. Measurements of the UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling on sea ice in McMurdo Sound, quantification of sea ice algae and the effect of snow thickness on the transmissivity of sea ice to UV radiation [K041_1995_1996_NZ_1]
The relative amounts of visible, near and far UV radiation (Blue, Violet, UVA and UVB) falling onto sea ice in McMurdo Sound was measured at a site well cantered in the ice, i.e. not at the ice edge. ...


90. Measurements of the boundary layer (bottom) of the atmosphere of the atmospheric trace gases NO2, O3, OClO and BrO [K085_2004_2005_NZ_1]
The experimental set up of the 'off axis' UV/visible wavelength diode array spectrometer was compared with a small portable field instrument. The diode array uses sunlight and moonlight to measure ...


91. Measurements of the polarisation of the Antarctic sky from the sea ice edge at Cape Bird and from a ship journey from Hobart to McMurdo Sound [K041_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The polarisation of the Antarctic sky was captured near the sea ice edge at Cape Bird to complement previous studies of the sky polarisation seen at Wellington (New Zealand), Scott Base, Tent Island ...


92. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Brewer spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1989_1996_NZ_1]
A Brewer spectrophotometer was installed at Scott Base in February 1989 to extend the measurements obtained from the Dobson spectrophotometer. The first full season of measurements began in mid-September ...


93. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica [K085_1988_2008_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


94. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica - K085_1988_2012_NZ_1 [K085_1988_2012_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


95. Measurements of the total amount of ozone in the vertical column of the atmosphere from a ground based Dobson spectrophotometer at Arrival Heights, Antarctica - K085_1988_2014_NZ_1 [K085_1988_2014_NZ_1]
Atmospheric ozone is important to mankind because it absorbs most ultraviolet and other high energy radiation harmful to life, preventing it from reaching the earth's surface. A rapid loss of more ...


96. Measurements of the transmission of UV light to infrared light through different samples of snow around Scott Base [K041_1997_1998_NZ_2]
The transmission of light through snow depends not only on the cleanliness but also on the size of the snow particles. The transmission properties are directly related to the reflection properties ...


97. Measurements of total ozone and aerosol parameters from October to mid-December, 1986, during the period when ozone levels are changing most rapidly [K085_1986_1987_NZ_1]
A spectrophotometer was installed at Arrival Heights near Scott Base and operated for a period of six weeks from the end of October 1986 to mid-December 1986. The instrument was fully automated and ...


98. Measurements of tropospheric aerosols and meteorological data in remote marine region in Antarctica to compare with New Zealand measurements to help understand the sulphur cycles influence on global climate [K176_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) and sub-micron atmospheric particles are key components in the atmospheric sulphur cycle. DMS produced by biota in the oceans is thought to be the main source of atmospheric ...


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