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1. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


2. Bacteria culturing from geothermal soil samples collected from the summits of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne [K023_1994_1995_NZ_1]
Soil samples were collected from the summit of Mt Erebus and Mt Melbourne geothermal areas. Previous sampling of this area (1980) indicated the absence of bacteria which are common in other hot springs ...


3. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


4. Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating and confined Adelie penguins to model Weddell seal, model leopard seals and a seal bag, Cape Bird, Ross Island 2003-2004 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_10]
Behavioural and corticosterone responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a model Weddell seal, a model Leopard seal and a seal bag were measured by measuring behaviour and collecting blood samples ...


5. Behavioural observations (frequency and timing of copulation attempts) and paternity analysis from blood samples to investigate sperm competition of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K063_1993_1998_NZ_1]
Sexual selection theory suggests that males compete for females and females choose males. Sperm competition is one aspect of this competition. There are two possible mechanisms of sperm competition, ...


6. Behavioural observations of nest site selection in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K121_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Virtually all penguins return to their natal rookeries to breed, after spending a couple of years at sea. A majority of young birds of both sexes end up settling within 200 m of their natal nest ...


7. Behavioural observations, recorded calls and breeding parameters as factors influencing the vocal behaviour of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) [K019_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Factors influencing the development and survival of Adelie penguins were investigated from the Cape Bird colony. The fieldwork focused on aspects of vocal recognition but parental care and chick development ...


8. Behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a novel object, Ross Island, 2002-2003 [K034_2001_2005_NZ_7]
The behavioural responses of incubating Adelie penguins to a person standing 1 meter away and to a cardboard shield of similar size to a person also at 1 meter distance were measured to determine ...


9. Benthic mat biomass and productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) in Lake Vanda, Wright Valley and the role of invertebrates in carbon cycling in the lake [K081_1997_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial production in the lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys and how the benthic cyanobacterial mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but ...


10. Benthic mat biomass, productivity (photosynthesis and respiration) and contributions to lake nutrient cycling in Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley [K081_1996_2000_NZ_1]
The importance of benthic microbial mat production in the Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley and how the mats are adapted to survive and grow in deep water (extreme low light but no freezing) was investigated. ...


11. Biodiversity survey at Mt Kyffin near the Beardmore Glacier [K024_2002_2003_NZ_4]
A four person party visited an area close to Mt Kyffin on the south side of the Beardmore Glacier and at nearly 84° South latitude. In the 59-60 season the presence of many plants (lichens) and insects ...


12. Biological and biochemical studies of the plant, invertebrate and microbial communities in the Ross Sea Region [K052_1984_1985_NZ_1]
An expedition was undertaken in the 84/85 season with the aim(s): 1) to survey plant and microbial communities in the Terra Nova Bay area, 2) to conduct ecophysiological studies on the insects at ...


13. Biological survey of the Balleny Islands [K407_2000_2001_NZ_1]
US coastguard helicopters were used to survey bird, seal and plant populations of the three main islands and islets of the Balleny Islands, located off the coast of Antarctica, for birds and seal ...


14. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in Victoria Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_2]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Victoria Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and altitudinal gradients ...


15. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Cape Hallett vicinity and cryoconite holes on the Tucker and Bornmann glaciers [K081_2005_2006_NZ_3]
A series of 10 ponds, located away from the main influences of the penguin colony at Cape Hallett, were investigated for variation in chemistry and microbial mat development. Cores of benthic microbial ...


16. Biological, physical and chemical parameters in water and microbial mat samples from ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley [K081_2003_2005_NZ_1]
Water and microbial mat communities of the ponds in the Labyrinth area of Wright Valley was investigated to test the hypothesis that the gradient in climatic severity associated with latitudinal and ...


17. Biology of the springtail Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni at Cape Bird: feeding habits, life cycle and migration movements throughout a season [K017_1969_1970_NZ_1]
Aspects of the biology of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni (Collembola) was investigated at Cape Bird. The work can be divided into three main investigations: 1) Food studies - which included isolation and ...


18. Blood and faecal samples from Adelie and emperor penguins at Cape Washington and Mandible Cirque, Ross Sea Region, Antarctica [K034_2001_2005_NZ_14]
Blood and faecal samples were collected from 96 emperor penguins at Cape Washington and from 29 Adelie penguins at Mandible Cirque. Plasma concentrations of corticosterone will be measured ...


19. Blood buffering capacity of muscles of the Antarctic fish Dissostichus mawsoni, Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Trematomus centronotus, P. macropterus and Rhigophila dearborni [K012_1986_1987_NZ_2]
Temperature is an environmental factor which has profound effects on both aerobic and anaerobic activities. During aerobic activity, hydrogen ions from acidic metabolites are consumed by oxidative ...


20. Blood samples analysed for albumin to determine if the lack of this protein serum is common to the Notothenioid fish group [K066_2001_2002_NZ_1]
One species of Antarctic Notothenioid fish was found to lack the common blood protein serum albumin. It was investigated if this was common to all notothenioid fish. In addition, if this blood protein ...


21. Body temperature and activity patterns of adelie penguins held in captivity under different light conditions to determine if there is an internal body clock [K123_1987_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguins were held in captivity and fitted with implantable body temperature transducers. Measurements were made every 30 minutes of body temperature and activity (orientation, posture, eye ...


22. Molecular genetics (DNA comparisons) of Prasiola crispa and Prasiola calophylla, two species of widspread Antarctic algae [K053_1993_1994_NZ_3]
Two species of widespread Antarctic algae were investigated with molecular genetics approaches to determine if they are two separate species. Prasiola crispa usually forms a sheet like growth on moist ...


23. Molecular systematics of Antarctic mosses [K024_1999_2001_NZ_1]
Estimating genetic variation is important in understanding a populations potential to track changing environmental conditions and for conservation management. Two molecular techniques, DNA sequencing ...


24. Morphological examination of x-cell affected gills from Pagothenia borchgrevinki [K057_1987_1988_NZ_2]
During the 83-84 season, several Pagothenia borchgrevinki fish were collected which had damaged gills. The gill filaments were white, instead of the usual red colour due to blood perfusion and also ...


25. Photoreception in Antarctic isopods, crustaceans and fishes [K022_1984_1985_NZ_1]
Fish specimens of Pagothenia borchgrevinki, Dissostichus mawsoni and 4 eel-pouts, along with specimens of invertebrates including Antarctic scallops, the amphipod Orchomene plebs and the Antarctic ...


26. Photosynthesis, fluorescence and microclimate measurements of several species of mosses and lichens from Botany Bay at Granite Harbour [K024_1991_1992_NZ_1]
The photosynthetic rate of Antarctic mosses and lichens was studied with investigations into the effects of high levels of light radiation and of possible UV effects. The mosses Pottia heimii, Bryum ...


27. Photosynthetic physiology (CO2/O2 exchange, optimum temperature and light levels) of common bryophytes species that grow in the melt streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys [K024_1979_1980_NZ_3]
Previous work (by Rostofer, 1970) covered the photosynthetic physiology of two common bryophyte species (Bryum antarcticum and B. Argenteum) found in the melt-streams from glaciers in the Dry Valleys ...


28. Physiological control of the heart and pH balance in Antarctic fish: An adaptation to cold temperatures [K012_1986_1987_NZ_1]
Changes in temperature are thought to affect the relative contributions of the excitatory adrenergic and inhibitory parasympathetic nerves to the vertebrate heart. Investigations of the heart function ...


29. Physiology of Arthropods (Collembola) at Cape Hallett [K140_2002_2003_NZ_2]
Environmental physiology of three species of springtails (Hexapoda: Collembola): (1) Isotoma klovstadi (Isotomidae), (2) Cryptopygus cisantarcticus (Isotomidae) and (3) Friesia grisea (Neanuridae). ...


30. Planktonic community structure and species interactions in melt ponds on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and at Cape Bird [K083_1991_1992_NZ_1]
Depth integrated water samples were taken from 20 ponds near Bratina Island on the McMurdo Ice Shelf and 6 ponds from Cape Bird to characterise the planktonic community structure of the ponds and ...


31. Plant biodiversity survey of the Cape Hallett region [K024_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Changes in biodiversity (the numbers, types and amount of terrestrial lichens and mosses) are expected to be one signal for environmental change. Better collection techniques, better identification ...


32. Plant biodiversity survey of the Granite Harbour, Darwin Glacier and Cape Crozier regions [K024_2006_2008_NZ_2]
The distribution and identity of lichens, mosses and endolithic algae were examined at sites around Granite Harbour, the Darwin Glacier and Igloo Spur at Cape Crozier to extend sampling of the Ross ...


33. Plasma protein profiles of severely ice-damaged Notothenioidei fish [K058_2005_2008_NZ_2]
A small percentage of the notothenioid fish caught in the McMurdo Sound or Terra Nova Bay region were found to have what was classed as ice damage (oedema) in their eyes, potentially resulting from ...


34. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett and an investigation of the Cape Adare colony [K017_1960_1961_NZ_1]
The total size of the breeding population of Adelie penguins at Cape Hallett was determined by counting all the occupied sites at the period when the adult population was near its zenith. The colony ...


35. Population counts and monitoring of the breeding cycle of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) throughout an entire breeding season at Cape Royds [K122_1959_1960_NZ_1]
The breeding colony at Cape Royds was kept under daily observations during an entire breeding season before birds started arriving (only 17 present when observations started) until all birds had departed ...


36. Population counts of the Adelie penguin at Cape Hallett [K017_1968_1969_NZ_3]
The Adelie penguin colony at Seabee Spit, Cape Hallett was first discovered in 1956 and estimates then and later (Reid, 1964) detailed counts of the population was used to compare with a census conducted ...


37. Population dynamics of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddelli) in McMurdo Sound and the Victoria Land Coast: movement in the area, sub-adult populations, age structure and reproductive condition [K017_1960_1973_NZ_1]
The population parameters of the Weddell seal in McMurdo Sound was initiated in the 1965-66 season following a 4 year study of the reproductive cycle of the Weddell seal and 2 years of tagging by ...


38. Population ecology of the South Polar skua at Cape Hallett: 1967-1969 [K017_1966_1969_NZ_1]
A banding study of the South Polar Skua (Catharacta maccormicki) was conducted over three field seasons (1966/67, 1967/68 and 1968/69) at Cape Hallett. A swinging door type trap was constructed in ...


39. Population genetics of the lichen species Umbilicaria aprina, Umbilicaria decussata and Buellia frigida along a latitudinal gradient in the Ross Sea region [K024_2006_2008_NZ_1]
A latitudinal change in population genetics of selected lichen species was conducted to determine whether these lichen communities have spread along a latitudinal gradient from northern latitudes ...


40. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. [K122_2004_2005_NZ_3]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at Cape Hallett. Data was collected on Adelie penguin reproductive ...


41. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) [K122_1994_2012_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


42. Population regulation and demography in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three penguin colonies on Ross Island (Cape Bird, Cape Crozier and Cape Royds) - K122_2004_2005_NZ_2 [K122_2004_2005_NZ_2]
This study aims to investigate the factors regulating population size and colony distribution of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at three colonies on Ross Island (Cape Royds, Bird and Crozier) ...


43. Population study, growth rate of chicks, mortality rate, diurnal observations, measurements of aggressiveness and the collection of morphological and anatomical data of an adelie penguin colony at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_2]
A population study was conducted on Adelie penguins in the Northern colony at Cape Bird. 15 colonies were selected for daily observations and complete maps of every colony was made to measure the ...


44. Pseudomonad organisms capable of degrading resin acids: Are they found in Antarctica? Soil samples from Mt Erebus [K023_1996_1997_NZ_1]
Pseudomonads are gram negative bacteria which are unique in their ability to degrade aromatic compounds such as xylene, napthalene and camphor and have recently been shown to degrade toxic resin acids ...


45. Radio tracking of adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) foraging movements while at sea during the early breeding season [K121_1986_1988_NZ_1]
Adelie penguin foraging movements at sea were located and described during the early breeding season at the Cape Bird colony. Radio transmitters were attached to individual birds and 18 penguins were ...


46. Radio-tracking of adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying [K121_1985_1986_NZ_1]
The movements of adelie penguins at sea during their first foraging trip following egg laying was monitored by attaching radio transmitters to both males (7) and females (3). The location of the birds ...


47. The bacterial biomass of sea ice from Seabees Hook, Cape Hallett region [K043_2003_2005_NZ_2]
A taxonomic assessment of sea ice bacteria abundance and their response to climate induced stress was investigated from the sea ice around Seabee Hook, Cape Hallett. Four sites at different points ...


48. The biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria in Terra Nova Bay and the physical parameters of their environment [K043_2006_2008_NZ_1]
The total biomass, productivity and biodiversity of algae and bacteria from the sea ice and the water column was investigated in Terra Nova Bay. Sampling sites in the Terra Nova Bay area were used ...


49. The response of sea ice and brine water algae and bacteria to changes in salinity, temperature, light and UVB in Terra Nova Bay [K043_2006_2008_NZ_4]
Samples of the bottom ice algae and brine algae (within 30cm of the top of the ice) were subjected to temperature, salinity, light and UVB experiments and analysed with PAM rapid light curves to determine ...


50. Analysis of fossil sponge material from the McMurdo Ice Shelf for age dating and microbial symbionts to compare with the present day organisms diversity [K023_2001_2002_NZ_4]
Marine sponges become entrained into glacial ice at the glacial-marine sediment interface and eventually become exposed on the upper surface of the glacier through processes of ablation. The transit ...


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