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1. Assessment of the impact of human activities on Trematomus bernacchii (a representative of the Antarctic fauna) by analysis of pollutants in bile and the amount of induction of a gene that produces a detoxifying enzyme [K014_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The impact of human activities in Antarctica on the local fauna was investigated by developing and applying biochemical and molecular genetic techniques to the assessment of the impact of by-products ...


2. Assessment of the rate of contaminant movement through Antarctic soils using a lithium chloride experiment at Lake Vanda [K150_1993_1994_NZ_4]
A leaching trial was set up at Lake Vanda to determine how rapidly and how far water-soluble materials spilt on the soil surface will move. A series of 1 x 1 m plots and control sites on the north ...


3. Assessment of the recovery of damage to mosses (from walking tracks, cores and slab removal) from the Taylor Valley [K024_1989_1990_NZ_3]
It is commonly accepted that mosses in the Dry Valley's grow very slowly. The recovery of mosses was investigated by locating and investigating in detail various damaged sites from previous activity ...


4. Behavioral observations, blood and fecal samples taken from Adelie penguins at Shell Glacier and Cape Crozier to detect the impact of human disturbance [K027_2003_2006_NZ_1]
Long term studies of the impacts of human disturbance on adelie penguins using a range of key behavioural, ecological and physiological measures are required to establish logical management regimes ...


5. Predicting contaminant impacts at Lake Vanda, Antarctica [K094_1995_1997_NZ_1]
Samples of water, phytoplankton, sediment, soil and bacterial mat were sampled from Lake Vanda and the old Vanda station site, in order to determine the fate of trace metal contaminants and their ...


6. Psychological (clinical, observational, psychometric and psychophysiological) studies on Scott Base staff who wintered over in successive parties [K017_1976_1978_NZ_1]
A temporary psychological and psychophysiological laboratory was set up at Scott Base to obtain psychometric, psychophysical and psychophysiological data from nine men who had wintered over. The ...


7. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of incidents and their effect on mood while working and living in Antarctica [K073_1998_2000_NZ_1]
The occurrance of the 'third quarter' phenomenon - a downturn in mood occurring shortly after the midpoint of isolation - may be the result of different types of incidents and events that occur at ...


8. Psychological data from Scott Base winter staff surveys of mood to assess the occurrence of the 'third quarter' phenomenon on people living and working in Antarctica [K073_1996_1997_NZ_1]
The apparent 'third quarter' phenomena in polar missions where low points in mood and morale are experienced just past mid-season were investigated. A prestudy assessment was conducted on the winter ...


9. Psychological data from scientists in the field and support staff at Scott Base to understand the social and psychological aspects of ethical decision making (environmental protection vs work tasks) [K073_2004_2006_NZ_1]
Antarctica is a pristine and fragile environment. People working there need to balance the need for environmental protection against the demands of their task while they are on the ice.The social ...


10. Psychological interview data of expectations and perceptions and mood data from people working and living in Antarctica [K073_2000_2002_NZ_1]
The effects of expectations regarding living and working at Scott Base was investigated with the main aim to examine the impact of mismatches between expectations and perceptions on the mood of personnel ...


11. Psychological surveys and interviews of visitors to Antarctica over three phases of their journey [K073_2003_2004_NZ_1]
Visitors to Antarctica (Ross Sea Region) were examined via survey and questionnaires over three phases of their experience; 1) anticipation of the visit, 2) during the on-site visit and 3) upon return ...


12. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity [K021_1998_2008_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


13. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2011_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artefacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


14. Fungi isolates from physical samples (soil, rock, wood, foodstuff, air, artifacts, etc) from heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region to determine fungal biodiversity - K021_1998_2012_NZ_1 [K021_1998_2012_NZ_1]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected from six Heroic era sites in the Ross Sea Region over the period of January 1999 to January 2008. These sites included ...


15. Isolated fungi from physical samples collected from four sites, two with human impact and two with little human influence to assess fungal biodiversity and the impact of humans [K021_1998_2008_NZ_3]
Physical samples of soil, rocks, wood, foodstuffs, air and artifacts were collected over the period of 2001-2006 from four sites in Ross Sea Region, including two sites with human impact (influence) ...


16. Neuston net tows in the New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean and the Ross Sea to determine quantities of anthropogenic contaminants [K013_1981_1982_NZ_1]
The quantities of floatant contaminant levels (in particular virgin plastic granules together with larger chunks of degrading plastic, pelagic tar balls and oily residues and any other antrhopogenic ...


17. One on one interviews with Scott Base personnel (staff, scientists, management, etc) investigating perceptions of Antarctic heritage [K073_1998_2000_NZ_2]
During two visits to Scott Base, the New Zealand Antarctic Research base in the Ross Dependency, semi-structured, one-on-one interviews were conducted with personnel at Scott Base including winter ...


18. Sampling petroleum contaminated soils for microbes at the historic huts [K021_1998_2008_NZ_8]
Soil samples were taken at Cape Evans where the remains of 2 petroleum depots are located near the hut (1999-2000 season) to ascertain if hydrocarbons were present. Additional sampling was carried ...


19. Screening for infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the poultry virus in Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) in the Ross Sea : blood samples from adelie penguins at Cape Bird and Cape Royds [K030_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Antibodies for the infectious bursal disease virus (IBVD) were found in emperor and adelie penguin populations near Australia's Mawson Base. IBDV was not directly detected, nor were any clinical disease ...


20. Sequencing of the metallothionein gene using the RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) method in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki to determine the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals [K014_1997_1999_NZ_1]
The development and application of a new molecular approach for quantifying the exposure of Antarctic fish to heavy metals was tested. The approach uses quantitative RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase ...


21. Soil albedo measurements of oil-contaminated and control sites at Scott Base and Marble Point [K123_2000_2001_NZ_1]
Soil albedo measurements were made on oil contaminated and pristine soil surfaces at Scott Base and Marble Point using a single LI200X Pyranometer facing upward and downward to detect incoming and ...


22. Soil samples from Mout Fleming, Allen Hills and the McKelvey Valley to determine the fungal terrestrial biodiversity using cultures and molecular DNA techniques - K021_1998_2011_NZ_9 [K021_1998_2011_NZ_9]
Soil samples were taken from Mount Fleming (00-01), Allen Hills (03-04) and the McKelvey Valley (07-08) to ascertain terrestrial biodiversity at the sites, as determined by molecular DNA techniques ...


23. Soil, wood, hay and feed samples collected from Scotts Hut at Cape Evans to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp [K021_1998_2008_NZ_5]
Three soil samples were taken from Hut Point, 73 from Cape Evans and 28 from Cape Royds to determine the presence/absence of Bacillus sp. At Cape Evans, transects were made and soil cores were taken ...


24. The assessment of the persistence of human impacts (field party disturbances) in the Asgard Range, Barwick Valley (both sites disturbed 30 years prior) and at Marble Point (disturbed up to 5 years prior) [K150_1994_1995_NZ_2]
The assessment of the persistence of human impacts was made by examining sites that had been disturbed by field parties up to thirty years previous in the Asgard Range (6 sites) and Barwick Valley ...


25. The concentration, movement and transformation of metal pollutants in Antarctic soils: soil samples from an historically contaminated site (Marble Point) and experimental plots (Scott Base) [K140_1993_1994_NZ_1]
The concentration, movement and transformation of metal pollutants in Antarctic soils was investigated with two main objectives; i) to assess the fate of pollutants already present in the soil and ...


26. The corrosion of architectural aluminum alloy under Antarctic conditions [K034_1970_1984_NZ_1]
In 1968, a ten year programme to assess the behaviour of anodised aluminium in the atmosphere was started. This consisted of exposing a range of test coupons at 5 sites in and around Christchurch ...


27. The diversity of the microflora and microfauna and the thermal and moisture regimes of soils from contaminated and pristine soils from Scott Base, Marble Point and Bull Pass, Wright Valley [K123_1998_1999_NZ_1]
The impact of fuel spills on the biological, chemical and physical properties of Antarctic soils was investigated. Soil surface samples and soil profile samples (pits dug down to the ice cemented ...


28. The effect of Scott Base waste water discharge on the marine benthic community [K054_1991_1992_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To determine if the Scott Base waste water discharge has any effect on the marine benthic community, the benthic community was surveyed, tissue samples were collected from bivalves and water samples ...


29. The effect of crude oil on Antarctic soils [K052_1982_1983_NZ_1]
Two small plots near a recently abandoned penguin colony and an area of moss free soil at Cape Bird were prepared by addition of 100ml of McKee crude oil. The plots were covered with steel mesh. These ...


30. The effects of human impacts on Antarctic sponge species in the Ross Sea [K059_2001_2003_NZ]
The effects of human impacts on the microbial and chemical ecology of Antarctic sponge species was investigated. Sponges dominate many of the shallow marine Antarctic habitats and due to the large ...


31. The sensitivity of Antarctic marine amphipods to environmental pollutants and the effects of UV light exposure on amphipods exposed to toxins [K026_1997_1998_NZ_1]
The sensitivities of three species of necrophagous marine amphipods to a range of reference toxicants in the water and the effect of UV light exposure on the sensitivity of fluroanthene exposed (a ...


32. Urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, creatinine and protein from humans in 24 hour daylight [K014_1982_1983_NZ_2]
Little is known concerning renal handling of electrolytes sodium and potassium at extremes of temperature at sea level in conditions of 24 hour daylight in normal subjects. The 9 hour and 24 hour ...


33. Water and soil samples from contaminated sites of Vanda Station to determine the mobility of contaminants [K105_1992_1993_NZ_1]
Vanda Station leaders were asked to recall what and where waste was disposed of at Vanda Station. A soil sampling regime was conducted on the responses received. Roughly 32 pits were excavated and ...


34. A transplant experiment measuring the effects petroleum derivatives on Trematomus bernacchii from a relatively pristine site and exposing the fish to the waters at Winterquarters Bay and Cape Armitage [K014_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The impact of petroleum derivatives derived from fuel drums dumped into McMurdo Sound during the period before environmental management practices were regarded was examined on fish in Winterquarters ...


35. Adelie penguin and skua nest monitoring for the effects of human disturbance on nest success [K014_1974_1975_NZ_1]
Observations were made on the behaviour and breeding success of penguins and skuas in areas of the Cape Bird northern colony subject to interference by man. Interferance being taken as the presence ...


36. Adelie penguin liver P450 enzymes [K065_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Animlas can be harmed by artificially introduced chemicals either through the food chain or directly. This study aimed to determine how penguins detoxify chemical pollutants they may be exposed to. ...


37. An oil spill experiment measuring the response of soils to oil spills: chemical and microbial analysis, nutrient analysis, soil moisture and temperature [K123_2000_2003_NZ_1]
To measure how quickly soils respond to oil spills, JP5 jet fuel was spilled onto contained soil cores at Scott Base. 105 PVC soil cores (10 cm x 30 cm deep) capped at the bottom sitting in plastic ...


38. Analysing toxicological impacts of contaminants on Notothenioid fish: Impacts of Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) [K068_2009_2010_NZ_2]
Target species Trematomus benacchii (n=72)from Cape Evans were collected live for the purpose of conducting a dose-response experiment in New Zealand on the live fish. Fish were dosed with different ...


39. Analysis of bottom sediment and water samples near Scott Base to determine the effects of effluents on the marine environment [K012_1994_1995_NZ_3]
The effects of Scott Base effluents on the marine environment was investigated by collecting bottom sediments and water samples on both side of the pressure ridges at Pram Point, near Scott Base. ...


40. Analysis of brain and muscle tissues for activities of the enzyme acelylcholinesterase from the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchiicollected from polluted and pristine sites [K014_1996_1997_NZ_2]
The effect of human impacts on fish physiology was investigated by determining whether environmental pollutants impacted upon physiological functioning of the neuromuscular system thereby potentially ...


41. Analysis of organochlorine pesticides, PCB's and heavy metals levels in Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) carcasses and abandoned eggs [K063_1989_1990_NZ_2]
Skuas as a group have come to be recognized as 'barometers' of environmental health, as their wide range and feeding habits make them ideal for monitoring oceanic pollution. Skua and adelie penguin ...


42. Analysis of soil and water samples from the Taylor Valley, Wright Valley and Ross Island areas for pathogenic free living amoebae [K021_1977_1978_NZ_1]
Soil and water was sampled to determine the distribution and occurrence of the pathogenic free living amoebae which are the aetiological agents of Primary Amebic Meningo-encephalitis. Samples were ...


43. Analysis of soil samples (surface and cores), penguin faeces and water for influenza evolution determined from viruses preserved in adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano at Cape Bird and Cape Adare [K030_1999_2000_NZ_1]
The gene sequence of the influenza virus from the frozen soil beneath Adelie penguin colonies on Ross Island, Antarctica was analysed. Gene sequences from virus stored since 1933 show that the virus ...


44. Analysis of soils from Marble Point contaminated with heavy metals [K150_1989_1990_NZ_2]
The fate of pollutants in Antarctic soils - to what extent soluble and insoluble materials move through, out of, or become fixed in soils, was investigated. Soil samples from a number of sites at ...


45. Analysis of trachea and cloacal swabs and blood samples for influenza virus and arboviruses in Adelie penguins at Cape Bird [K014_1978_1979_NZ_4]
In recent years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that epidemic strains of influenza virus have developed from animal strains, including those occurring in birds. Interest in the ecology of influenza ...


46. Botanical investigations at Terra Nova Bay and Wood Bay, North Victoria Land and the assessment of human impacts [K271_1988_1989_NZ_1]
Vegetation and environmental studies were conducted at sites on Ross Island and in North Victoria Land, including Terra Nova Bay (Edmonson Point, Northern Foothills, Cape Washington, Mount Melbourne, ...


47. Chemical analysis of soil from Cape Roberts to create reference sites prior to potential environmental impact from human activity [K105_1992_1993_NZ_2]
An assessment of the soils and vegetation patterns of the Cape Roberts area was conducted to determine existing conditions as reference sites for later determination of environmental impacts from ...


48. Conceptual modelling of the sewage and wastewater plume from Scott Base incorporating current and tidal data, seawater stratification and microbiological, physical and chemical indicators associated with the plume [K407_1998_1999_NZ_1]
Before the installation of the Scott Base sewage treatment plant, untreated sewage and wastewater was discharged directlyin front of Scott Base since its occupation in 1957. The distribution of sewage ...


49. Cumulative impacts and rates of recovery of the Antarctic soil environment at Scott Base and vicinity, Crater Hill, Observation Hill and Capes Evans and Royds [K026_2008_2009_NZ_1]
Soil profile descriptions from the a number of disturbed and undisturbed sites in the vicinity of Scott Base and McMurdo Station, including Crater Hill, Observation Hill, and Home Beach at Cape Evans ...


50. Digital data recorder recordings of changes in biological rhythms when humans move from regular night/day cycles in low latitudes to continuous daylight in high latitudes [K012_1983_1984_NZ_4]
Members of the Antarctic Project of the University of Auckland (APUA) group wore digital data recorders (Vitalogs) connected to temperature probes, electrocardiograph electrodes and movement sensors ...


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