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Collaborative Research: South Pole Ice Core Chronology and Climate Records using Chemical and Microparticle Measurements
Entry ID: USAP-1443336_1

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This collaborative project explores the signatures and causes of natural climate change in the region surrounding Antarctica over the last 40,000 years as the Earth transitioned from an ice age into the modern warm period. The researchers will investigate how the wind belts that surround Antarctica changed in their strength and position through time, and document explosive volcanic eruptions ...

The investigators plan to conduct a suite of chemical measurements along the 1500m length of the South Pole Ice Core, including major ion and trace element concentrations, and microparticle (dust) concentrations and size distributions. These measurements will (1) extend the South Pole record of explosive volcanic eruptions to 40,000 years using sulfate and particle data; (2) establish the relative timing of climate changes in dust source regions of Patagonia, New Zealand, and Australia using dust flux data; (3) investigate changes in the strength and position of the westerly wind belt using dust size distribution data; and (4) quantify the flux of bioavailable trace metals deposited as dust to the Southern Ocean over time. These chemistry records will also be critical for creating the timescale that will be used by all researchers studying records from the South Pole core. The project will support four graduate students and several undergraduate students across three different institutions, and become a focus of the investigators' efforts to disseminate outcomes of climate change science to the broader community.

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Description: NSF Award Abstract

Description: The South Pole Ice Core (SPICEcore) chronology and supporting data
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Winski, D. et al.
Dataset Title: The South Pole Ice Core (SPICEcore) chronology and supporting data
Dataset Release Date: 2019-08-29T00:00:00.000Z
Dataset Publisher: USAP-DC
Version: 1
Dataset DOI: 10.15784/601206
Online Resource: http://www.usap-dc.org/view/dataset/601206
Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2015-06-01T00:00:00.000Z
Stop Date: 2018-05-31T23:59:59.999Z
Location Keywords
Not applicable
Ancillary Keywords
Data Set Progress
Data Center
United States Antarctic Program Data Center
Data Center URL: http://www.usap-dc.org/

Data Center Personnel
Name: Data Manager
Email: info at usap-dc.org
Contact Address:
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA
Erich Osterberg
Email: erich.c.osterberg at dartmouth.edu
Contact Address:
Dartmouth College
Winski, D. A., Fudge, T. J., Ferris, D. G., Osterberg, E. C., Fegyveresi, J. M., Cole-Dai, J., Thundercloud, Z., Cox, T. S., Kreutz, K. J., Ortman, N., Buizert, C., Epifanio, J., Brook, E. J., Beaudette, R., Severinghaus, J., Sowers, T., Steig, E. J., Kahle, E. C., Jones, T. R., Morris, V., Aydin, M., Nicewonger, M. R., Casey, K. A., Alley, R. B., Waddington, E. D., Iverson, N. A., Bay, R. C., and Souney, J. M. (2019-01-01T00:00:00.000Z), The SP19 Chronology for the South Pole Ice Core – Part 1: Volcanic matching and annual-layer counting, Clim. Past Discuss., doi:10.5194/cp-2019-61
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2019-08-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2019-09-03