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Record Search Query:
Spring Blooms of Sea Ice Algae Along the Western Antarctic Peninsula: Effects of Warming and Freshening on Cell Physiology and Biogeochemical Cycles.
Entry ID: USAP-1744645_1


Summary
Abstract:

Rapid changes in the extent and thickness of sea ice during the austral spring subject microorganisms within or attached to the ice to large fluctuations in temperature, salinity, light and nutrients. This project aims to identify cellular responses in sea-ice algae to increasing temperature and decreasing salinity during the spring melt along the western Antarctic Peninsula and to determine ...


There is currently a poor understanding of feedback relationships that exist between the rapidly changing environment in the western Antarctic Peninsula region and sea-ice algal production. The large shifts in temperature and salinity that algae experience during the spring melt affect critical cellular processes, including rates of enzyme-catalyzed reactions involved in photosynthesis and respiration, and the production of stress-protective compounds. These changes in cellular processes are poorly constrained but can be large and may have impacts on local ecosystem productivity and biogeochemical cycles. In particular, this study will focus on the thermal sensitivity of enzymes and the cycling of compatible solutes and exopolymers used for halo- and cryo-protection, and how they influence primary production and the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen. Approaches will include field sampling during spring melt, incubation experiments of natural sea-ice communities under variable temperature and salinity conditions, and controlled manipulation of sea-ice algal species in laboratory culture. Employment of a range of techniques, from fast repetition rate fluorometry and gross and net photosynthetic measurements to metabolomics and enzyme kinetics, will tease apart the mechanistic effects of temperature and salinity on cell metabolism and primary production with the goal of quantifying how these changes will impact biogeochemical processes along the western Antarctic Peninsula.


This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.


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Description: NSF Award Abstract
Data Set Citation
Version: 1
Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2018-06-25T00:00:00.000Z
Stop Date: 2021-07-31T23:59:59.999Z
Location Keywords
Instrument
Not applicable
Ancillary Keywords
Data Set Progress
COMPLETE
Data Center
United States Antarctic Program Data Center
Data Center URL: http://www.usap-dc.org/

Data Center Personnel
Name: Data Manager
Email: info at usap-dc.org
Contact Address:
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA
Personnel
Jodi Young
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: youngjn at uw.edu
Contact Address:
University of Washington
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Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2019-07-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2019-07-23